Birth of T.C. (Tommy) Douglas (1904-1986), Canadian social democrat. Douglas becomes premier in the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) government which is elected in Saskatchewan in 1944, and which becomes the first jurisdiction in North America to introduce medicare. In 1961, Douglas is chosen the first leader of the federal New Democratic Party (the successor to the CCF). In 1970, he is the strongest voice in Parliament speaking out against Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau’s imposition of the War Measures Act.