The security - digital complex
Publisher: Le Monde diplomatique
Date Written: 01/04/2016
Year Published: 2016
Resource Type: Article
Cx Number: CX21921
With the rise of the Internet and the globalisation of electronic data, there has been a shift in the university-military-industrial complex to a new security-digital complex -- a public-private hybrid that is both narrower and more far-reaching.
Most of us know that Silicon Valley, the centre of digital innovation, collaborates with the military: military objectives have always provided an excellent stimulus for research and development. ARPANET, the computer network developed in the 1970s, a forerunner of the Internet, was conceived for strategic purposes and funded by ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency). ARPA, set up in 1958 by President Eisenhower, added Defence to its name (DARPA) in 1972 and now has an annual budget of $3bn to support inventions likely to contribute to national defence.