The Scramble for Africa
White Man's Conquest of the Dark Continent from 1876 to 1912

Pakenham, Thomas
Publisher:  Perennial
Year First Published:  {19230 The Scramble for Africa SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA White Man's Conquest of the Dark Continent from 1876 to 1912 Pakenham, Thomas Perennial Describes the brief vicious scramble by Europe's imperial powers to seize colonies throughout the continent of Africa. Pakenham strips the impresarios of imperialism of their veneer of Victorian heroism and reputations for statemanlike vision, to reveal them as men with bloated and often vicious egos. 1991 2003 738pp BC19230-ScrambleAfrica.jpg B Book 0-380-71999-1 DT28.P34 960.3 Up until the late 19th century (1870), many aspects of Africa remained to unknown to Europeans except for the coastal trading posts and the "strategic colonies" of South Africa and Algeria. Then, in the period Thomas calls "the Scramble," European rulers from France, England, Belgium, Germany and Italy moved in to dominate the entire continent as colonial and protectorate rulers over newly subjugated territories. Leopold II, King of Belgium, took advantage of the rivalry between England and France to achieve effectively control over much of the continent. <br> <br>Why did this intensified rush into Africa occur? The Scramble for Africa fills this gap with two strands of stories: the motives and methods of the invaders. <br> <br>These motives ranged from romantic nationalism to racial patriotism. The European invaders believed they would save Africa from itself. Thus, in May 1873 missionary explorer David Livingstone's declaration of the "3C's": Commerce, Christianity and Civilization in the name of God, Mammon and social progress for Africa, established trade rather than slavery as the continent's future. Africa promised economic benefits for Europe becasue of its diversified resources; including diamonds, gold, silk and gin. Furthermore, with a stronger influx into Africa came the prestige of becoming a dominant political power and the associated diplomatic advantages. England, who pioneered the invasion, became territorial and insecure as other states followed suit. As a coastal state she needed to protect the steamer routes on both ends of the country, which could be blockaded by her rivals. Consequently, Livingstone's initial goals resulted in the primary brutal method used by Europeans and the fourth unannounced "C": Conquest. Europe won over Africa at gun point through several wars and atrocious mass killings that were especially common during the first phase of occupation. Pakenham retells this story and relates how the conquered gained some retribution 50 years later when Africa fought for and achieved independence. <br> <br>[Abstract by Amanpreet Dhami] <br> <br> <br> <br>Table of Contents <br> <br>Part I: The Open Path <br>1. Leopold's Crusade <br>2. Three Flags Across Africa <br>3. Two Steps Forward <br>4. The Crouching Lion <br>5. Ismael's Dream of Empire <br>6. One Step Backward <br>7. Saving the Bey <br>8. Saving the Khedive <br> <br>Part II: The Race Begins <br>9. The Race for the Pool <br>10. Head in the Clouds <br>11. Hewett Shows the Flag <br>12. Why Bismarck Changed his Mind <br>13. Too Late? <br>14. Welcome to a Philanthropist <br> <br>Part III: Rights of Conquest <br>15. Gordon's Head <br>16. The Sultan's Flag <br>17. Cries from the Heart <br>18. Dr Emin, I Presume? <br>19. Salisbury's Bargain <br>20. An Insubordinate Army <br>21. A New Rand? <br>22. Msiri's Mocking Smile <br>23. The Flag Follows the Cross <br>24. An Ivory War <br>25. Blank Treaty Forms on the Niger <br>26. A Lion's Share <br>27. Rhodes, Raiders and Rebels <br>28. Calling Hanotaux's Bluff <br>29. The Race to the Middle of Nowhere <br>30. The Mahdi's Tomb <br>31. Milner's War <br> <br>Part IV: Resistance and Reform <br>32. The Severed Hands <br>33. The Kaiser's First War <br>34. 'Maji-Maji' <br>35. Redeeming the French Congo <br>36. Restoring Britain's 'Old Ideals' <br>37. Leopold's Last Throw <br> <br>Epilogue: Scrambling Out <br>Chronology <br>Sources <br>Select Bibliography <br>Notes <br>Index CX8161 1 false true false CX8161.htm [0xc000d04f30 0xc000d185a0 0xc001e08ed0 0xc001f0f020 0xc001f0f050 0xc002006e40 0xc002007cb0 0xc0020fcc00 0xc000353e60 0xc000361f20 0xc000374270 0xc000374d50 0xc000375080 0xc000375500 0xc0001a7260 0xc0001cd770 0xc0004ecf00 0xc0001c4d80 0xc00038a180 0xc000738240 0xc000588e40 0xc000966180 0xc000185260 0xc0006eb560 0xc0010d9230 0xc00109e060 0xc00109e0f0 0xc00181cb40 0xc000ee63f0 0xc0023fbbc0 0xc002414660 0xc0026f91a0 0xc000633bf0 0xc000f54990 0xc001017770 0xc00202f290 0xc00293f560] Cx}
Year Published:  2003
Pages:  738pp   ISBN:  0-380-71999-1
Library of Congress Number:  DT28.P34   Dewey:  960.3
Resource Type:  Book
Cx Number:  CX8161

Describes the brief vicious scramble by Europe's imperial powers to seize colonies throughout the continent of Africa. Pakenham strips the impresarios of imperialism of their veneer of Victorian heroism and reputations for statemanlike vision, to reveal them as men with bloated and often vicious egos.

Abstract: 
Up until the late 19th century (1870), many aspects of Africa remained to unknown to Europeans except for the coastal trading posts and the "strategic colonies" of South Africa and Algeria. Then, in the period Thomas calls "the Scramble," European rulers from France, England, Belgium, Germany and Italy moved in to dominate the entire continent as colonial and protectorate rulers over newly subjugated territories. Leopold II, King of Belgium, took advantage of the rivalry between England and France to achieve effectively control over much of the continent.

Why did this intensified rush into Africa occur? The Scramble for Africa fills this gap with two strands of stories: the motives and methods of the invaders.

These motives ranged from romantic nationalism to racial patriotism. The European invaders believed they would save Africa from itself. Thus, in May 1873 missionary explorer David Livingstone's declaration of the "3C's": Commerce, Christianity and Civilization in the name of God, Mammon and social progress for Africa, established trade rather than slavery as the continent's future. Africa promised economic benefits for Europe becasue of its diversified resources; including diamonds, gold, silk and gin. Furthermore, with a stronger influx into Africa came the prestige of becoming a dominant political power and the associated diplomatic advantages. England, who pioneered the invasion, became territorial and insecure as other states followed suit. As a coastal state she needed to protect the steamer routes on both ends of the country, which could be blockaded by her rivals. Consequently, Livingstone's initial goals resulted in the primary brutal method used by Europeans and the fourth unannounced "C": Conquest. Europe won over Africa at gun point through several wars and atrocious mass killings that were especially common during the first phase of occupation. Pakenham retells this story and relates how the conquered gained some retribution 50 years later when Africa fought for and achieved independence.

[Abstract by Amanpreet Dhami]



Table of Contents

Part I: The Open Path
1. Leopold's Crusade
2. Three Flags Across Africa
3. Two Steps Forward
4. The Crouching Lion
5. Ismael's Dream of Empire
6. One Step Backward
7. Saving the Bey
8. Saving the Khedive

Part II: The Race Begins
9. The Race for the Pool
10. Head in the Clouds
11. Hewett Shows the Flag
12. Why Bismarck Changed his Mind
13. Too Late?
14. Welcome to a Philanthropist

Part III: Rights of Conquest
15. Gordon's Head
16. The Sultan's Flag
17. Cries from the Heart
18. Dr Emin, I Presume?
19. Salisbury's Bargain
20. An Insubordinate Army
21. A New Rand?
22. Msiri's Mocking Smile
23. The Flag Follows the Cross
24. An Ivory War
25. Blank Treaty Forms on the Niger
26. A Lion's Share
27. Rhodes, Raiders and Rebels
28. Calling Hanotaux's Bluff
29. The Race to the Middle of Nowhere
30. The Mahdi's Tomb
31. Milner's War

Part IV: Resistance and Reform
32. The Severed Hands
33. The Kaiser's First War
34. 'Maji-Maji'
35. Redeeming the French Congo
36. Restoring Britain's 'Old Ideals'
37. Leopold's Last Throw

Epilogue: Scrambling Out
Chronology
Sources
Select Bibliography
Notes
Index

Subject Headings

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