Catholic Worker Movement
|Part of a series of articles on Christianity|
|Francis of Assisi
Wilhelm E.F. von Ketteler
Pope Leo XIII– Adolph Kolping
Margaret Wedgwood Benn
Phillip Berryman– James Hal Cone
Dorothy Day– Toni Negri
Leo Tolstoy– Oscar Romero
Gustavo Gutirrez– Abraham Kuyper
Daniel Berrigan– Philip Berrigan
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Desmond Tutu– Tommy Douglas
|Confederation of Christian Trade Unions
Catholic Worker Movement
Christian Socialist Movement
|Subsidiarity– Christian anarchism
Marxism– Liberation theology
Praxis School– Precarity
Human dignity– Social market economy
Catholic social teaching
|Rerum Novarum (1891)
Princeton Stone Lectures (1898)
Populorum Progressio (1967)
Centesimus Annus (1991)
Caritas in Veritate (2009)
The Catholic Worker Movement is a collection of autonomous communities of Catholics and their associates founded by Dorothy Day and Peter Maurin in 1933. Its aim is to "live in accordance with the justice and charity of Jesus Christ." One of its guiding principles is hospitality towards those on the margin of society, based on the principles of communitarianism and personalism. To this end, the Catholic Worker movement claims over 185 local Catholic Worker communities providing social services. Each house has a different mission, going about the work of social justice in their own ways, suited to their local region. Catholic Worker houses are not official organs of the Roman Catholic Church and their activities, inspired by Day's example, may be more or less overtly religious in tone and inspiration depending on the particular institution. The movement campaigns for nonviolence and is active in opposing both war and the unequal distribution of wealth globally. Dorothy Day also founded The Catholic Worker newspaper, still published by the two Catholic Worker houses in New York City and sold for a penny a copy.
The 'Catholic Worker Movement' started with the Catholic Worker newspaper, created to advance Catholic social teaching and stake out a neutral, pacifist position in the war-torn 1930s. This grew into a "house of hospitality" in the slums of New York City and then a series of farms for people to live together communally. The movement quickly spread to other cities in the United States, and to Canada and the United Kingdom; more than 30 independent but affiliated CW communities had been founded by 1941. Well over 100 communities exist today, including several in Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, The Netherlands, the Republic of Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, and Sweden. Dorothy Day, who died in 1980, is currently under consideration for sainthood by the Catholic Church.
"Our rule is the works of mercy," said Dorothy Day. "It is the way of sacrifice, worship, a sense of reverence."
According to co-founder Peter Maurin, the following are the beliefs of the Catholic Worker:
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