Economic & Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844

Marx, Karl

Year Published:  1844  
Resource Type:  Book
Cx Number:  CX8249

A series of notes written between April and August 1844 by Karl Marx. Not published by Marx during his lifetime, they were first released in 1927. The notebooks are an early expression of Marx's analysis of economics, chiefly Adam Smith, and critique of the philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel. The notebooks cover a wide range of topics including private property, communism, and money. Because the 1844 manuscripts show Marx's thought at the time of its early genesis, their publication, in English not until 1959,[2] has profoundly affected recent scholarship on Marx and Marxism.


Tabel of Contents


First Manuscript

Wages of Labour
Profit of Capital

1. Capital
2. The Profit of Capital
3. The Rule of Capital Over Labour and the Motives of the Capitalist
4. The Accumulation of Capitals and the Competition Among the Capitalists

Rent of Land
Estranged Labour

Second Manuscript

Antithesis of Capital and Labour. Landed Property and Capital

Third Manuscript

Private Property and Labour
Private Property and Communism
Human Needs & Division of Labour Under the Rule of Private Property
The Power Of Money
Critique of the Hegelian Dialectic and Philosophy as a Whole


Hegel’s Construction of The Phenomenology, November 1844
Plan for a Work on The Modern State, November 1844

Subject Headings

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