Canada - 1977

Publisher:  DEVRIC, Canada
Year Published:  1977  
Pages:  30min  
Resource Type:  Slide Show
Cx Number:  CX382

A montage that critically examines the development of the fishing industry in the Atlantic region throughout the 20th century.

Abstract:  On Canada's Atlantic Coast, prior to the 20th century, the inshore fishermen in their small dories worked side by side with the off shore fishermen in their massive schooners. The turn of the century brought with it steam operated draggers, which, because of their cost, were only purchasable by large companies. Competition now came into play placing stress on the lifestyle of the inshore fishermen who lived along the coast.
The montage critically examines the development of the fishing industry in the Atlantic region throughout the 20th century. After the depression of the 1930's, in order to protect themselves, the inshore fishermen attempted to form a union, but the federal government thwarted their efforts and proposed modernizing the industry. This placed increasing hardships on the small boat owners who could not afford newer methods. As well, the continuing presence of foreign draggers in Canadian waters increased competition for the Canadian fishing companies. The implementation of the 200 mile limit by the Canadian government in 1977 was meant to solve the problem by creating o Canadian monopoly. In actuality it assisted big businesses by giving Canadian draggers free reign, which forced many of the inshore fishermen out of fishing and into the urban areas. "Inshore Offshore" reveals the implications of the federal governments policy for the inshore fishermen. Evidence is provided that reveals the worsening economic and social conditions in the Maritime fishing villages. The draggers also adversely affect the sea environment and no conservation laws exist to prohibit wastefulness and overfishing. The montage demonstrated both the advantages and disadvantages of inshore fishery and offers alternative solutions to those of the Canadian government. These alternatives give a voice to the Maritime inshore fishermen.

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