U.S. History

Below are groups and resources (books, articles, websites, etc.) related to this topic. Click on an item’s title to go its resource page with author, publisher, description/abstract and other details, a link to the full text if available, as well as links to related topics in the Subject Index. You can also browse the Title, Author, Subject, Chronological, Dewey, LoC, and Format indexes, or use the Search box.
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Connexions Library

Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
Article
1865
The speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln at his inauguration at the start of his second term as president.
The Accumulation of Capital
Luxemburg, Rosa
Book
1913
Rosa Luxemburg's analysis of the inherent contradictions of capitalist accumulation.
Against Our Better Judgement: How the U.S. was used to create Israel
Weir, Alison
Book
2014
An account of how U.S. support enabled the creation of modern Israel, and of how U.S. politicians pushed this policy over the forceful objections of top diplomatic and military experts.
The Age of Aquiescenence: The Life and Death of American Resistance to Organized Wealth and Power
Fraser, Steve
Book
2015
A groundbreaking investigation of how and why, from the 18th century to the present day, American resistance to our ruling elites has vanished. From the American Revolution through the Civil Rights mo...
Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914 - 1991
Hobsbawm, Eric
Book
1994
A overview of the history of the years 1914 - 1991.
Agrarian-Industrial Revolt: Against The Current vol. 137
Toweill, Jim
Article
2008
Reformers and radicals in the post-reconstruction South faced a daunting set of circumstances. Many of these are well known: In the former confederacy, Black laborers were eventually shut out of the e...
America is a Smuggler Nation: Why Legal Trade is a Greater Threat to National Security
Barry, Tom
Article
2013
Smuggler Nation is not the oft told, routinely taught story of America’s emergence as a major nation and a global power, rather we come to see U.S. history as “the story of how smuggling – and the att...
American Anti-Slavery Society: Connexipedia Article
Article
An abolitionist society (1833-1870) founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan.
The American Crucible: Slavery, Emancipation and Human Rights
Blackburn, Robin
Book
2009
Robin Blackburn, an acclaimed historian of slavery, discusses the emergence of anti-slavery ideas and the important events that paved the way for abolitionist movements.
American Dreamers: How the Left Changed a Nation
Kazin, Michael
Book
2011
History of the radical left in the United States from the abolitionists to anti-globalization activists. The author sees the left as historically championing a pluralist spirit that runs counter to th...
American Negro Slavery (Third Edition): A Modern Reader
Weinstein, Allen; Gatell, Frank Otto; Sarasohn, David (eds.)
Book
1968
Incorporating significant and at times controversial literature on questions about the institution of slavery and the social and cultural response of the slaves to their enslavement, this collection o...
American Power and the New Mandarins
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1969
Chomsky writes about American power and violence, especially in the context of the Vietnam war, and he focuses especially on the complicity of American intellectuals in supporting and enabling the Ame...
American Primitive in Red, Black and White: Race and Class in the U.S.
Goldner, Loren
Article
1989
The centrality of race in the formation of the American working class, its inseparability from the question of class, can be stated very succinctly: in 1848 and 1968, when working-class upsurges explo...
The American Socialist Movement: 1897-1912
Kipnis, Ira
Book
1952
A history of the American Socialist Party, which at its height had over 150,000 dues-paying members, published hundreds of newspapers, and won almost a million votes for its presidential candidate.
The American Working Class in Historical Persepctive
Glaberman, Martin
Article
1973
A review of Jeremy Brecher's Strike! (See CX6590)
The Anti-Empire Report #132
Blum, William
Article
2014
Each of you I’m sure has met many people who support American foreign policy, with whom you’ve argued and argued. You point out one horror after another, from Vietnam to Iraq. From god-awful bombings ...
The Atlantic Slave Trade in Two Minutes: 315 years. 20,528 voyages. Millions of lives.
Kahn, Andrew and Bouie, Jamelle
Article
2015
Usually, when we say "American slavery" or the "American slave trade," we mean the American colonies or, later, the United States. But North America was a bit player. From the trade's beginning in the...
Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck (ed): Cartography by Miklos Pinther
Book
1987
Focuses on the Great Lakes Region, in both Canada and the United States.
Ballad of Sacco and Vanzetti
Guthrie, Woody
Audio
1946
An album of songs written and recorded by Woody Guthrie about the notorious case of Sacco and Vanzetti, two Italian immigrants and anarchists in the 1920s who were charged and eventually executed afte...
Becoming a Revolutionary: Against The Current vol. 133
Ortiz, Roxanne Dunbar
Article
2008
Against the Current: Which events of 1968 were you involved in? How did that event/those events affect you personally and politically at the time?
Before the White Race Was Invented: Review of The Invention of the White Race
Scott, Jonathan
Article
1998
With white racial oppression in place, the ruling class could promote poor and propertyless European-Americans into the "middle class," the same way the British promoted "mulattos" in the Caribbean, b...
Behind the Confederate Flag Controversy: The Unfinished Civil War: Against The Current vol. 85
Miah, Malik
Article
2000
Some 50,000 people, ninety percent African Americans, marched in Columbia, South Carolina, on January 17, the federal holiday honoring the great civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. The march p...
The Black Belt Communists
Kelley, Robin D. G.
Article
2015
During the Great Depression, black sharecroppers and the Communist Party waged war against tenant farming in the South.
Black Liberation and the Fight for a Socialist America
Samuels, Reuben
Article
2010
From slavery to convict labour, from the chain gang to the assembly line, American capitalism has been built upon the lash-scarred backs of black labour. Any organization that claims a revolutionary p...
Black Women's Narratives of Slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction
Wilson, Carla
Article
2005
Anyone who has ever wondered how black people managed to struggle and survive the hideous tortures meted out during slavery and afterward would gain from reading these books. They offer inspiration to...
Booker's Place: A Mississippi Story
De Felitta, Raymond
Film/Video
2012
In 1965, African-American waiter Booker Wright spoke out in a television documentary, outraging many white Southerners and resulting in his murder. Years later, the filmmaker's son returns to examine...
Bound By Power: Intended Consequences
Klaehn, Jeffery (ed.)
Book
These essays focus on how power and ideology work within society. Interviews are with Noam Chomsky, Linda McQuaig, Robert Bertuzzi and others. They speak to the issues of the understanding of power an...
Boxcar Bertha: An Autobiography
Thompson, Bertha, as told to Ben Reitman
Book
1989
Memoirs of a woman who lived as a hobo and anarchist.
Brown, John: Connexipedia Article
Article
American abolitionist who advocated and practiced armed insurrection as a means to end slavery. (1800-1859).
Das Capital, Volume 1: A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production
Marx, Karl
Book
1867
Marx's great work sets out to grasp and portray the totality of the capitalist mode of production, and the bourgeois society that emerges from it. He describes and connects all its economic features, ...
The Case for Socialism
Maass, Alan
Book
2005
An argument for socialism: a society built from the bottom up through the struggles of ordinary people against exploitation, oppression, and injustice -- one in which people come before profit. A soci...
Challenging the Mississippi Fire Bombers: Memories of Mississippi 1964-65
Dann, Jim
Book
2013
With a firsthand account of the details and thoughtful descriptions of key people on the front lines, author Jim Dann brings the historic period, the June 1964 civil rights struggle to register as man...
Chicago '68
Farber, David
Book
1988
A vivid history of the political and social movements of that turbulent time, when the power structure felt itself threatened by social movements that rejected much of what it stood for.
Chomsky.Info
Chomsky, Noam
Website
The Noam Chomsky Web site.
Class Conflict, Slavery and the United States Constitution: Ten essays
Lynd, Staughton
Book
1967
One of the first studies to identify the importance of slavery to the founding of the American Republic.
Class War in the Confederacy: Why Free State of Jones Matters
Johnson, Cedric
Article
2016
Free State of Jones may well be the most politically important film about the civil war and its aftermath to appear in a quarter century. Free State of Jones is a proper antidote to identitarian think...
Cointelpro: The FBI's Secret War on Political Freedom
Blackstock, Nelson
Book
1976
The first in-depth look at the covert and illegal FBI counterintelligence program - code-name COINTELPRO.
COINTELPRO: Connexipedia Article
Article
A series of covert, and often illegal, projects conducted by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the ...
Colorado Labor Wars: Connexipedia Article
Article
Colorado's most significant battles between labor and capital which occurred primarily between miners and mine operators.
The Comintern, CPUSA & Activities of Rank-and-File CPers
Post, Charlie
Article
1996
CP members, including worker and African-American militants capable of leading heroic mass struggles, were unable to develop their own revolutionary socialist viewpoint independent of the leadership. ...
Committees Of Correspondence: To Defend Freedom And Secure Good Government
Cox, William John
Article
2013
Two hundred and fifty years ago the people of America were subject to an unrepresentative government controlled by powerful commercial interests. They rebelled and formed their own government, which h...
Common Sense
Paine, Thomas
Book
1776
Thomas Paine's justification of revolution.
The Communistic Societies of the United States
Nordhoff, Charles
Book
1875
Describes a dozen Utopian societies.
Confederacy Redux?: Why We Should Celebrate Reconstruction
Lusane, Clarence
Article
2011
Reconstruction is the era that some have referred to as the United States' greatest moment of democracy.
Connexions Library: USA Focus
Website
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on the United States of America.
Convict Labor in America: Book review
Ortiz, Paul
Article
1998
Convict labour, like antebellum slavery, was an American way of life, a cultural practice that tied northern capitalists, plantation owners, university-trained social reformers, federal officials and ...
Dakota War of 1862: Connexipedia Article
Article
An armed conflict between the United States and several bands of the eastern Sioux or Dakota.
Darrow, Clarence: Connexipedia Article
Article
American lawyer civil libertarian. (1857-1938).
David Roediger's Working Toward Whiteness: Against The Current vol. 125
Poitevin, René Francisco
Article
2006
A disturbing aftermath of the pro-immigrant demonstrations recently held in dozens of cities across the United States, besides the obvious anti-immigrant backlash, has been the increase in Black/Brown...
The day the Klan messed with the wrong people
gjohnsit
Article
2010
By the mid-1950's the Civil Rights Movement was gaining momentum and the KKK decided they had to fight back. James W. "Catfish" Cole, the Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan in South Carolina, made a cri...
Debs, Eugene V.: Connexipedia Article
Article
American socialist politician and union leader, one of the founding members of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). (1855-1926).
Debunking Columbus: Against The Current vol. 131
Jopp, Jennifer
Article
2007
“I knew it couldn’t be true!” exclaimed my then eleven-year-old daughter when I explained the premise of Restall’s book. “The Ancients knew that the earth was round,” she continued, “so Columbus could...
Declaration of Independence
Jefferson, Thomas
Article
1776
The document in which the 13 American colonies declared their independence from Great Britain.
Defeat of Reconstruction and the Betrayal of Black Freedom Part One
Wilde, Alan
Article
2014
Reconstruction was a tumultuous, brief and extraordinary period of American history defined by an unprecedented experiment in interracial democracy. It was an era of exceptional developments, all taki...
Democracy is in the Streets: From Port Huron to the Siege of Chicago
Miller, James
Book
1987
A thoughtful and evocative history of the American New Left in the 1960's, looking critically but sympathetically at the struggles and passions of that period.
Destroying the Commons: How the Magna Carta Became a Minor Carta
Chomsky, Noam
Article
2012
Our rights and liberties are under ever-increasing attack.
Detroiters Remember the 1967 Rebellion: Kim D. Hunter interviews Ed Vaughn
Vaughn, Ed; Hunter, Kim D.
Article
1997
An interview with Ed Vaughn, an eyewitness observer of the 1967 Detroit rebellion, on the event, its causes and its impact on history.
Do Indian Lives Matter? Police Violence Against Native Americans
Loevy, Debra
Article
2015
With all our talk about police violence aimed at poor and minority communities, we have yet to talk about the group most likely to be killed by law enforcement: Native Americans. Native American men ...
Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement: Connexipedia Article
Article
An organization of African-American workers formed in May 1968 in the Chrysler Corporation's Hamtramck Assembly plant, formerly Dodge Main, Detroit, Michigan.
Early American Marxism
Website
A History of Marxism in the United States As Explained by the Participants Themselves.
Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movements: A Radical Democratic Vision
Ransby, Barbara
Book
2003
An insightful biography on one of the leading organizers of the American civil rights movement.
Facing West: the Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire Building
Drinnon, Richard
Book
1997
From John Endicott's war on the Niantics and Pequots, to the horrors of the My Lai massacre, Drinnon illustrates how Indian-hating in the Americas became a national pastime, and how that same hate was...
Failure of a Dream?: Essays in the History of American Socialism
Laslettt, John H. M.; Lipset, Seymour Martin
Book
1974
Examines the reasons for the relative weakness of American socialism.
Fascism, American-Style: One-Step from the Third Reich?
Stanton, John
Article
2014
Unbeknownst to most Americans the United States is presently under thirty presidential declared states of emergency. They confer vast powers on the Executive Branch including the ability to financiall...
The Fight for Canada: Four Centuries of Resistance to American Expansionism
Orchard, David
Book
1993
In an effort to realize their grand dream of one nation from Panama to the Arctic, Americans have attempted to conquer Canada using war, trade sanctions, and political interventions of all kinds. "Tha...
The Fight for Freedom for Women
Tremain, Rose
Book
1973
The fight for women's rights in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, primarily focusing on Britain and the USA.
Fire in the Streets: America in the 1960s
Viorst, Milton
Book
1980
A political and cultural history of each year of the 1960's, focusing on one person to exemplify the year. Activist John Lewis is used to emphasize the Civil Rights movements heating up in 1960; Clark...
Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley: Connexipedia Article
Article
Labour leader, activist, and feminist who played a leading role in the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). (1890-1964).
For Reasons of State
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1973
Essays in which Chomsky analyzes the role of the American state and discusses some of the ways in which individuals can respond to its growing power.
Forgotten February In The United States Of Aggression
Z., Mickey
Article
2015
Since it appears so many folks need reminding that "USA" has always stood for "United States of Aggression," here are a forgotten few from February’s Files.
1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus
Mann, Charles. C.
Book
2005
A portrait of human life in the Americas before the arrival of Columbus.
The Free Speech Movement and the Negro Revolution
Dunayevskaya, Raya
Article
1965
It is, of course, true that it was contact with the Negro people that inspired the Berkeley revolt. It is, however, also true that the Berkeley revolt, followed by the teach-ins, in turn, changed the ...
Free Speech Movement Archives
Website
Documenting the history of the 1960s Free Speech Movement at Berkeley.
Freedom rides: Connexipedia Article
Article
Freedom Riders were Civil Rights activists who rode on interstate buses into the segregated southern United States.
Freedom Summer
McAdam, Doug
Book
1990
An analysis of the 1964 Freedom Summer movement and the myths surrounding the campaign and 60s activism in general.
Freedom Summer: Connexipedia Article
Article
A campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi, which up to that time had almost totally excluded black voters.
Freedom Summer, 1964: An Overview
Oppenheimer, Marty
Article
2014
Oppenheimer provides a historical overview of the events leading up to and surrounding the 1964 Freedom Summer, when organizers worked to register Black voters in segregationist Deep South in the Unit...
The Fusion of Anabaptist, Indian and African as the American Radical Tradition
Goldner, Loren
Article
1987
The native American radical tradition, originating ultimately in the radical religious currents who "lost" at the very dawn of capitalism, and their meeting with the non-Western peoples--Indian and Af...
Going Down Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King's Last Campaign
Honey, Michael K
Book
2008
A history of the sanitation worker strike in Memphis.
Haywood, Bill (Big Bill Haywood): Connexipedia Article
Article
American unionist and communist, one of the founders of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) (1869-1928).
Hegemony or Survival: America's Quest for Global Dominance
Chomsky, Noam
Book
2003
Chomsky documents how, for more than half a century, the United States has been pursuing a grand imperial strategy with the aim of dominating the globe.
The History of Democracy: A Marxist Interpretation
Roper, Brian S.
Book
2013
Roper traces the history of democracy from ancient Athens to the emergence of liberal representative and socialist participatory democracy. He argues that democracy cannot be understood separately fro...
History of union busting in the United States: Connexipedia Article
Article
Union Busting is a term used by labor organizations and trade unions to describe the activities that may be undertaken by employers, their proxies, workers and in certain instances states and governme...
History's Mad Hatters: The Strange Career of Tea Party Populism
Fraser, Steve; Freman, Joshua B.
Article
2010
Tea Party anger reaches far beyond the ranks of the modest Tea Party movement. It resonates with other Americans who understandably feel that political and economic elites, serving themselves at the e...
How they shot those campus bums: Review of The Truth About Kent State
Diemer, Ulli
Article
1973
How Ohio National Guard troops out to "get" campus radicals and teach them "what law and order is all about" shot down students at Kent State University on May 4, 1970, killing four and wounding nine ...
The I.F. Stone's Weekly Reader
Stone, I.F.
Book
1973
An anthology of 20 years of journalism by independent journalists I.F. Stone.
In a Time of Torment
Stone, I.F.
Book
1968
Independent journalist I.F. Stone on the events and issues of the 1960s.
Inspired by Injustice: Scottsboro in History: Against The Current vol. 144
Mullen, Bill V.
Article
2010
“In many respects this is an archival project,” writes James A. Miller, Chair of the American Studies Department at George Washington University, at the end of his introduction to Remembering Scottsbo...
An Introduction: Capital's Global Turbulence
Walker, Richard
Article
1999
A JOYLESS IRONY of our time is that just as capitalism seemed all-triumphant and the sirens of neoliberalism had declared history to be at an end, the crisis rolling out of Asia has brought the self-r...
I've Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle
Payne, Charles M.
Book
2007
A study and history of the legacy of community organizing in Mississippi.
Jim Crow laws: Connexipedia Article
Article
Were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965.
Jim Crutchfield's I.W.W. Page
Crutchfield, Jim
Website
Historic documents on the Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies).
Journey of Reconciliation: Connexipedia Article
Article
An attempt in 1947 to challenge segregation laws on interstate buses in the Southern United States, through non-violent direct action.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume I: State and Bureaucracy
Draper, Hal
Book
1977
A wide-ranging and thorough exposition of Marx's views on democracy.
Labor Politics in Action, 1901-1911: The Union Labor Party of San Francisco: Against The Current vol. 81
Perry, Hayden
Article
1999
In 1900 San Francisco had an organized labor movement that reflected the unique development of this metropolis of the West. San Francisco did not experience the slow and steady growth of Chicago and o...
The Labor Wars
Lens, Sidney
Book
1973
A survey of landmark events in the U.S. labour movement.
Leadville Colorado, Miners' Strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
Occurred as a result of rapid industrialization and consolidation of the mining industry.
Leninism vs. Debs's Socialist Party: The Communist Fight Against Black Oppression
Article
2015
Articles by Eugene Debs, written as polemics against racists within the Socialist Party, are eloquent in defending black people against racism, in calling for working-class unity across racial lines a...
Liberal Dreams and Nature's Limits: Great Cities of North America Since 1600
Lemon, James T.
Book
1996
An exploration of city life through time, focusing on the life [economically, socially, politically, etc.] of five large North American cities at various times in the past - Philadelphia during the ti...
Lincoln: A Review: Civil War, Not Compromise, Smashed Slavery
Zorn, Jacob
Article
2013
Lincoln—Steven Spielberg’s new movie reduces the abolition of slavery to so many parliamentary maneuvers.
Lincoln, Abraham: Connexipedia Article
Article
President of the United States during the American Civil War. (1809-1865).
Little Rock Central High School: Connexipedia Article
Article
The site of forced school desegregation during the American Civil Rights Movement.
Live Working or Die Fighting: How the Working Class Went Global
Mason, Paul
Book
2010
Mason realtes a series of struggles for worker and human rights over the past two hundred years and compares them to current struggles.
LIVING IN THE U.X.A.
Curl, John
Article
2009
At the height of the Great Depression, a group of unemployed Oakland workers decided to take matters into their own hands. The system wasn't working, so they set up their own system. Money was nearly ...
A Long and Terrible Shadow: White Values, Native Rights in the Americas 1492-1992
Berger, Thomas R.
Book
1991
Against the odds, Native peoples have waged a tenacious struggle to survive and the re-emerge as distinct cultures.
Looking Back -- and Ahead: Against The Current vol. 133
The Editors
Article
2008
The year 1968 stands out as one of those pivotal years on multiple political and cultural levels. Against the Current will devote considerable space to discussing what the upheavals of that year meant...
Malcolm X Speaks
X. Malcolm; edited and with prefatory notes by George Breitman
Book
1965
A series of speeches, seminars and press conferences given by Malcolm X during the last years of his life in 1964 and early 1965.
The Man Who Recorded the World : A Biography of Alan Lomax
Szweed, John
Book
2011
Documentarian of the folk culture of American life,, Lomax was diligent and tireless in preserving the irreplaceable vernacular cultures that have fallen into the past.
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom: Connexipedia Article
Article
Large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963 at which Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony at the Lincoln Me...
Marx and Engels Collected Works Volume 19: Marx and Engels 1861 - 1864
Marx, Karl; Engels, Friedrich
Book
Colonialism, slavery, and the American Civil War.
A Marxist History of the World part 46: The American Revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
In 1764, Americans thought of themselves as British subjects of King George III. By 1788, they would, by their own decisions and actions, have made themselves the free citizens of a new republic forge...
A Marxist History of the World part 57: The American Civil War
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
One hundred and fifty years ago North America saw the start of a revolutionary war fought between rival systems and opposing political ideologies. Neil Faulkner looks at The American Civil War.
A Marxist History of the World part 81: The Roaring Twenties
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
Although the 'American Dream' became a reality for millions in the 1920s, it was built on shaky grounds - the huge speculative bubble that was building up on Wall Street was waiting to collapse
MarxistHistory.org
Website
Website dealing with the history of the early American Marxist movement. A repository of source material 1864 - 1946.
Mass Media in the Making and Unmaking of the New Left
Gitlin, Todd
Book
1980
An analysis of the media's prediliction for "politics of confrontation" in America in the late 60's. He focuses on how the media distorted the anti-war movement.
Mass Murder at Colfax, The Bloody Death of Reconstruction: Against The Current vol. 144
Caldwell, Robert
Article
2010
On April 13, 1873, white supremacists laid siege to a Black Republican stronghold in rural north Louisiana, brutally slaying freedmen and altering the course of the United States. The Colfax massacre ...
May Day & SDS & SNCC Jubilee
Linebaugh, Peter
Article
2010
Class consciousness is the knowledge that emancipation is ours. Class struggle is the fight for it, the fight to be a class, and then the fight to abolish the class system. It is not economistic; it...
Minewar.org
Website
Documenting the 1930's Illinois mine war.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It: The Memoir of Jo Ann Gibson Robinson
Robinson, Jo Ann Gibson
Book
1987
Robinson recounts the origins and sustaining force of the famous boycott led by Montgomery's African American women.
Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam: Connexipedia Article
Article
A large demonstration against the United States involvement in the Vietnam War that took place across the United States on October 15, 1969.
More from the Greatest [sic] Generation: This is What We Are Up Against
Z, Mickey
Article
2014
The Nazi-CIA connection is ancient news but is finally getting play some seven decades later when it’s safe to file it under "Mistakes, well-intentioned." Here’s my “scoop”: The Nazi-CIA connection sh...
Murdered by Capitalism: A Memoir of 150 Years of Life & Death on the American Left
Ross, John
Book
2004
Much of this book is in the form of a fictional dialogue between two radicals discussing the political events of both of their lifetimes.
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave & Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
Douglass, Frederick; Jacobs, Harriet; (Introduction by Kwame Anthony Appiah)
Book
Two first-person accounts of African-American slavery.
The National Question: Selected Writings by Rosa Luxemburg
Luxemburg, Rosa (edited by Davis, Horace B.)
Book
In her penetrating analysis of nationalism, Rosa Luxemburg argues that the formula of "the right of nations to self-determination" is essentially not a political or programmatic guide to the nationali...
Negroes in the Civil War
James, C.L.R. (writing as J.R. Johnson)
Article
1943
The struggle of the Negro masses derives its peculiar intensity from the simple fact that what they are struggling for is not abstract but is always perfectly visible around them. In their instinctive...
The New Radicalism in America 1889-1963
Lasch, Christopher
Book
1967
The New Refugees: American Voices in Canada
Christy, Jim
Book
1972
Stories of 18 "new refugees" who came in Canada to escape the U.S. war against Vietnam.
New World Order: A postwar analysis
Chomsky, Noam
Article
1991
Everyone is allowed to play the game, so long as it's according to the U.S. rules.
The 1960 Sit-ins in Context
Oppenheimer, Marty
Article
2010
The Civil Rights Movement that we associate with the 1960s was the culmination of a vast set of social and economic changes. The tradition of Black struggle itself, going back to the very beginnings o...
The Nonviolent History of American Independence
Sun, Riviera
Article
2016
Often minimized in our history books, the tactics of nonviolent action played a powerful role in achieving American Independence from British rule. Benjamin Naimark-Rowse wrote, "the lesson we learn o...
Notebook of an Agitator
Cannon, James P.
Book
1958
Over 100 articles from the pen of an active participant in the events of thirty years of labor history. Cannon covers the campaigns to save Sacco and Vanzetti, the historic strikes of the 1930s, the K...
Of National Lies and Racial America: Jeremiah Wright, Barack Obama and the Unacceptability of Truth
Wise, Tim
Article
2008
To some, the horror of 9/11 was not new. To some it was not on that day that "everything changed." To some, everything changed four hundred years ago, when that first ship landed at what would become ...
The Okinawa missiles of October
Tovish, Aaron
Article
2015
John Bordne, a resident of Blakeslee, Pennsylvania, had to keep a personal history to himself for more than five decades. Only recently has the US Air Force given him permission to tell the tale, whic...
On Roediger's Wages of Whiteness
Allen, Theodore, W.
Article
2002
An extended discussion and critique of David Roediger's book Wages of Whiteness. Allen writes: "David Roediger's Wages of Whiteness, because of its almost universal acceptance for use in colleges and ...
On the CP-USA and the Unions
Haberkern, Ernie
Article
1997
Trade union officialdom, especially its top layers, not only defends the rights of the employer against those demands of the members that can't be met at a given time; it also, and at the same time, d...
On The Non-Formation of a Working-Class Political Party in the U.S., 1900-1945
Goldner, Loren
Article
1983
Thus the basic thesis presented here is that no major working-class political party developed in the U.S. in the 20th century because in the U.S., in contrast to all other major capitalist countries, ...
On Translating Securityspeak into English: In the Land of False Cognates
Carson, Kevin
Article
2012
The Security State has its own language: Securityspeak. Like Newspeak, the ideologically refashioned successor to English in Orwell’s “1984,” Securityspeak is designed to obscure meaning and conceal t...
150 Years Since the Emancipation Proclamation: Finish the Civil War!
Article
2013
The Emancipation Proclamation was a pledge, a promise. It only freed slaves in areas that were not yet controlled by Union armies, true enough. But in that sense it was like the Declaration of Indepen...
The Origins of Left Culture in the U.S.: 1880-1940: Issue 6-7 of Cultural Correspondence and Issue #6 of Green Mountain Irregulars
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1978
A selection of materials from the early years of radical popular culture in the United States, showing how different peoples, over several generations, sought to create out of their own resources a be...
Overthrowing other people's governments: The Master List
Blum, William
Article
2013
Instances of the United States overthrowing, or attempting to overthrow, a foreign government since the Second World War.
Paine, Thomas: Connexipedia Article
Article
Author, pamphleteer, radical, inventor, intellectual, revolutionary. (1737-1809).
Passionate Declarations: Essays on War and Justice
Zinn, Howard
Book
1990
Essays looking at American political ideology.
A People's History of the United States: 1492 - Present
Zinn, Howard
Book
1995
Zinn's history includes those most ignored by typical American textbook history, including Indians, blacks, women and workers.
A People's History of the United States
Zinn, Howard
Book
1980
Howard Zinn attempts to present the history of the United States through the perspectives of common people rather than political and economic elites.
The Pittsburgh Reds, 1911-1914: Revolutionary Socialists in Allegheny County: Against The Current vol. 81
Hudson, Mark
Article
1999
The Socialist Party of America reached the peak of its strength and influence in 1912. In that year, the party could claim 118,000 members, and 879,000 American voters (about 6% of the total) cast the...
Polemics and Prophecies 1967-1970
Stone, I.F.
Book
1972
An anthology of I.F. Stone's articles from 1967 - 1970.
The Politics of History
Zinn, Howard
Book
1990
A series of case studies and essays arguing for a radical approach to history and providing a revisionist interpretation of the historian's role.
Politics Past
Macdonald, Dwight
Book
1958
A collection of essays by Dwight Macdonald.
The Popular Front: Rethinking CPUSA History
Post, Charlie
Article
1996
Very simply, the legacy of the Communist movement in the United States points to the need for revolutionaries today to develop rank-and-file worker organizations independent of and opposed to the labo...
The Populist Moment: A Short History of the Agrarian Revolt in America
Goodwyn, Lawrence
Book
1978
Goodwyn explores the agrarian revolt and the nature of democratic movements.
The Port Huron Statement
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
Article
1962
A seminal statement of the New Left, adopted by SDS in 1962.
Profit over People: Neoliberalism and Global Order
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1999
Chomsky confronts neoliberalsim: the pro-corporate system of economic and political policies presently waging a form of class war worldwide.
Pullman Strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
A nationwide conflict between labour unions and railroads that occurred in the United States in 1894.
The Purge
Davis, Chandler
Article
1988
Between 1947 and 1960 it was even harder than usual for left-wingers in the United States to get by. If you were active on the left, or were thought to be, there were more ways then than now that you ...
Race and Class: Paris to New Orleans: Against The Current vol. 120
Miah, Malik
Article
2006
It turns out that the city of lights and city of jazz have a lot in common. The aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and militant explosions in the suburbs of Paris expose the underbelly of racism and class...
Race and Class in Civil War Mississippi
Spritzler, John
Article
2009
The poor whites of Mississippi who fought the Confederacy alongside slaves did so because of working class values that they shared with slaves. The fact that poor whites may have believed some racist ...
Racist Terror, Then and Now
Oppenheimer, Martin
Article
2015
African-Americans have been murdered by white mobs, vigilantes, and "law enforcement" from the time of slavery to, quite possibly, this morning. The fundamental reason for the killing of African-Ameri...
The Radical Camera: New York's Photo League, 1936-1951
Klein, Mason
Book
2011
Artists in 'the Photo League', active from 1936 to 1951, were known for capturing sharply revealing, compelling moments from everyday life.
Radicalism in America
Lens, Sidney
Book
1969
American rebels and the causes for which they fought from 1620 to the 1960s.
Rainbow Pie: A Redneck Memoir
Bageant, Joe
Book
2010
A fascinating and extremely readable account of a life now vanished, destroyed by the insatiable appetite of capital.
Ralph Nader and the Legacy of Revolt (Part 2): Against The Current vol. 89
Sheasby, Walt Contreras
Article
2000
Our electoral dilemma today derives from a political realignment a hundred years ago, when a faction of populists joined in fusion with William Jennings Bryan and the “Free Silver” Democratic Party. A...
Randolph, A. Philip: Connexipedia Article
Article
African-American civil rights leader. (1889-1979).
The Real Terror Network: Terrorism in Fact and Propaganda
Herman, Edward S.
Book
1982
Herman sets out to show that the U.S. ignores or sponsors terror by authoritarian states that are allied with U.S. interests.
Recovering Nonviolent History: Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles
Bartkowski, Maciej (ed.)
Book
2013
Essays showing, in considerable detail, the varied roles played by civil resistance in fifteen liberation struggles in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas.
Reinterpreting the Cotton Kingdom: Book Review
Donegan, Connor
Article
2014
Book review of Walter Johnson's "River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom."
Rethinking Camelot: JFK, the Vietnam War, and US Political Culture
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1993
Chomsky analyzes the Kennedy Administration's policy on the Vietnam War and compares the US Administrations of Presidents Kennedy and Reagan.
Review of Man of the People: A Life of Harry S Truman: by Alonzo L Hamby
Chomsky, Noam
Article
1996
Chomsky criticizes Hamby's biographical attempt claiming that Truman - regardless of how his achievements are regarded - deserves a better account.
Rivers of Empire: Water, Aridity, and the Growth of the American West
Worster, Donald
Book
A history of the agribusinessmen and engineers who financed and built the system of damns, reservoirs, and canals which transformed the American West from a sparsely inhabited dry region to the site o...
Rogue State: A Guide to the World's Only Superpower
Blum, William
Book
2005
A mini-encyclopedia of the numerous un-humanitarian acts perpetrated by the United States since the end of the Second World War.
Rolling Back Reconstruction: Against The Current vol. 159
Miah, Malik
Article
2012
The 'Reconstruction Amendments” — the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the United States Constitution — are targeted in many of the Tea Party and far-right Republican campaigns against the rights of ...
The Romance of American Communism
Gornick, Vivian
Book
1978
Using USA Communist Party members' personal experiences, Gornick examines the attraction of the party and its philosophy.
SDS
Sale, Kirkpatrick
Book
1973
The rise and development of the Students for a Democratic Society, the organization that became the major expression of the American left in the 1960s -- its passage from student protest to institutio...
The Seattle General Strike of 1919
History Committee of the General Strike Committee
Article
1919
From February 6 to February 11, 1919, nearly 100,000 Seattle workers participated in a general strike. This pamphlet is a history of the strike, written by the History Committee of the General Strike ...
Seeds of Fire: A People's Chronology
Diemer, Ulli
Article
2012
Recalling events that happened on this day in history. Memories of struggle, resistance and persistence.
The Seminole-African Alliance : World News Trust
Mickey Z.
Article
2014
The Native American Indian people that comprised the Seminole Nation grew out of the Creek Nation in Florida. Multilingual and diverse, the Seminoles (from a word meaning “runaway”) became infamous fo...
Sex and Marriage in Utopian Communities in Nineteenth Century America: Nineteenth-Century America
Muncy, Raymond Lee
Book
1973
A look at original approaches to sex and marraige in the utopian communities of nineteenth-century America. Many of these communities abolished monogamy and individualism and sought ways of dealing wi...
Sexual revolution in 1960s America: Connexipedia Article
Article
Attitudes to a variety of issues changed, sometimes radically, throughout the decade. The urge to 'find oneself' the activsm of the 1960's and the quest for autonomy were characterised by the changes ...
Shaping 20th Century America
Ruff, Allen
Article
2015
Stating that "The world must be made safe for democracy,” president Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war against Germany on April 2, 1917. The United States formally entered World Wa...
Shays' Rebellion: Connexipedia Article
Article
An armed uprising in central and western Massachusetts from 1786 to 1787.
Sisterhood, Interrupted: From Radical Women to Grrls Gone Wild
Siegel, Deborah
Book
2007
A study of controversies in the feminist movement from the 1960s to the 2000s. Siegel wants readers to know about the multifaceted and contentious history of what is called feminism's "second wave" so...
'68: The Year of the Barricades
Caute, David
Book
1988
Caute's book looks at the explosive year 1968 (while situating it in the context of what had led up to it). One of the great strengths of this excellent book is that it looks at what was happening aro...
The Slave Narratives: American Slavery: A Composite Autobiography
Website
Interviews with former slaves. Nearly all of the information presented here came from the WPA collection at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History, in addition to the 232 boxes of unproces...
The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade 1440 - 1870
Thomas, Hugh
Book
1997
A comprehensive history of the Atlantic slave trade in which approximiately eleven million black slaves were carried from Africa to the Americas to work on plantations, in mines, or as servants in hou...
Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II
Blackmon, Douglas A.
Book
2008
An account of how African Americans were forcibly enslaved by a corrupt legal system in the southern States, from the end of the Civil War through WWII.
Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism - Book Review: Edward E. Baptist’s "The Half Has Never Been Told"
Larson, Charles R.
Article
2014
A review of Edward E. Baptist’s examination of slavery, presented in an entirely new way, extensively through the voices of the slaves themselves.
SNCC: The New Abolitionists
Zinn, Howard
Book
1964
An account of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
SNCC at 50
Walker, Corey D.B.
Article
2010
The fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) is vitally important not just for learning and understanding the past but, more importantly, for imagin...
SNCC: Same Lesson, 50 Years On: Power Yields Nothing Without Demand
Sigal, Clancy
Article
2010
The SNCC lesson is that power yields nothing without demand and the guts to back it up.
SNCC's 50-Year Legacy
El-Amin, Theresa
Article
2010
Celebrating SNCC's legacy.
So Different Yet So Familiar: Book Review by William Bowles
Bowles, William
Article
2010
A fascinating and extremely readable account of a life now vanished, destroyed by the insatiable appetite of capital and told with acid wit and great style making it enjoyable to relish the language b...
The Soft Cage: Surveillance in America from Slavery to the War on Terror
Parenti, Christian; Rossetti, Chip (eds.)
Book
2004
Parenti explores the history of American surveillance from colonial times to the present. What this historical evidence clearly reveals is a continuum of the culture of surveillance. The weakest, most...
Sojourner Truth: A Life, a Symbol
Painter, Neil Irvin
Book
A biography of Sojourner Truth, a famous northern slave, born in the 1790's. A devout Christian, she came to symbolize the shame of slavery and the promise of women's emancipation.
The Spanish-Cuban-American War and the Birth of American Imperialism, Vol. 1
Foner, Philip
Book
Argues that the Cuban nation was a central protagonist in the conflict - rather than a passive victim of a conflict between great powers.
The Spanish-Cuban-American War and the Birth of American Imperialism, Vol. 2
Foner, Philip
Book
Covers the imposition of the U.S. domination over Cuba through the Platt Amendment, which marks the beginning of U.S. neocolonialism.
Spontaneity and Organization: Some Comments
Montgomery, David
Article
1973
A contribution to a symposium on Jeremy Brecher's book Strike!
Steady Hands for Freedom: Book Review
Brewer, Rose M.
Article
2014
Book Review of "Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC" by Faith S. Holsaert, et. al
Stolen Continents: The "New World" Through Indian Eyes
Wright, Ronald
Book
1992
A history of the Americas through Native eyes.
Strange Cults and Utopias of 19th Century America: Original title: History of American Socialisms
Noyes, John Humphrey
Book
1870
Histories of communal experiments and communities in the United States.
Strike!: The True History of Mass Insurgence from 1877 to the Present
Brecher, Jeremy
Book
1972
A history-from-below that brings to light strikes as authentic revolutionary movements against the establishments of state, capital, and trade unionism.
The Student Movement of the Thirties: A Political History
Draper, Hal
Article
1965
Most of the references one hears to the student movement of the thirties, and most published references too, are quite wrong in one basic respect: they speak as if 'the thirties' represented a single,...
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee: Connexipedia Article
Article
One of the principal organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.
Targeting Iran
Barsamian, David
Book
2007
A critical analysis of the Bush administration's policies towards Iran.
Textile workers strike (1934): Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike involving 400,000 textile workers from New England, the Mid-Atlantic states and the U.S. Southern states.
A Time for Learning: Against The Current vol. 133
Slaughter, Jane
Article
2008
I don't recall being aware of the events in France in May-June 1968. I was in college, beginning to get radicalized on several fronts, notably the war. Something called the “Free University” was start...
Towards a New Cold War: Essays on the Current Crisis and How We Got There
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1982
A sobering assessment of American foreign policy from the end of the Vietnam era to Ronald Reagan.
Towards a New Past: Dissenting Essays in American History
Bernstein, Barton J.
Book
1969
A critical look at established views of American history.
Towards the Abolition of Whiteness
Roediger, David
Book
1994
Roediger's genda is to show how race consciousness among whites needs to be fought so that the working class can be brought to an emancipatory agenda.
The Tragedy of American Diplomacy
Williams, William Appleman
Book
1952
The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
Schulte, Elizabeth
Article
2003
The Truth About Kent State: A Challenge to the American Conscience
Davies, Peter and The Board of Church and Society
Book
1973
An account of the murder of four students at Kent State University by National Guard troops.
Uncovering the Sixties: Life and Times of the Undergound Press
Peck, Abe
Book
1985
A book about the Sixties and how they were recorded by radical participants. It traces how movements and communities convinced that their news did not fit into the agenda of mainstream media covered t...
An Unfinished Revolution: Karl Marx and Abraham Lincoln
Blackburn, Robin
Book
2011
A study of Marx's analysis of the American Civil War as a conflict about slavery, not tarrfifs. Marx saw the north as a bourgeois republic, and the south as expansionist.
Untold History of the United States
Stone, Oliver (director)
Film/Video
2012
A 2012 documentary series directed, produced, and narrated by Oliver Stone. The ten-part series is supplemented by a 750-page companion book, The Untold History of the United States, also written by S...
U.S. Labor's Subterranean Fire: Against The Current vol. 131
Post, Charlie
Article
2007
The broad outlines of the crisis of the U.S. labor movement -— sharply declining union density, concession bargaining, failures to organize the growing non-union manufacturing and service sectors, the...
US Navy Veterans Continue to Seek Justice for Israeli Attack
Jamail, Dahr
Article
2010
On June 8, 1967, while sailing in international waters, the US Navy intelligence ship USS Liberty was attacked by air and naval forces of the state of Israel. Of the Liberty's crew of 294, more than h...
The Virigina Declaration of Rights
Mason, George
Article
1776
Drafted in 1776 to proclaim the inherent natural rights of men, including the right to rebel against "inadequate" government. The Declaration was adopted unanimously by the Virginia Convention of Dele...
The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class
Roediger, David
Book
1991
A book that has reoriented how historians look at the American working class.
The Wages of Whiteness is Early Death
Street, Paul
Article
2015
The white working class has never had it easy in American history. It's been viciously exploited, disrespected, deceived, divided, repressed, and otherwise and generally abused from the United States'...
War Crimes in Vietnam
Russell, Bertrand
Book
The War of Northern Aggression
Oakes, James
Article
2012
A leading Civil War historian challenges the new orthodoxy about how slavery ended in America.
The "War Scare" in the Kremlin, Revisited: Is History Repeating Itself?
Goodman, Mel
Article
2015
The Washington Post on October 25, 2015 published an important story based on a recently-published U.S. intelligence review from 1990 that confirmed Soviet leaders in 1983 believed the Reagan administ...
The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America's Great Migration
Wilkerson, Isabel
Book
2010
Wilkerson chronicles the decades-long migration of black citizens who fled the South for northern and western cities, in search of a better life. From 1915 to 1970, this exodus of almost six million p...
The Washington Connection and Third World Fascism: The Political Economy of Human Rights: Volume 1
Chomsky, Noam; Herman, Edward S.
Book
Chomsky and Herman demonstrate, with devasting logic and overwhelming documentation, that the purpose of U.S. global policy is to make the world safe for exploitation by U.S. corporate interests and t...
Watergate: A sceptical view
Chomsky, Noam
Article
1973
Noam Chomsky asserts that in light of the other telling symptoms of an unhealthy democracy - such as Kissinger's murderous war ambitions - the Watergate scandal should not have come as a shock to even...
We Own the World
Chomsky, Noam
Article
2007
The whole debate about the Iranian 'interference' in Iraq makes sense only on one assumption, namely, that we own the world. If we own the world, then the only question that can arise is that someone ...
Weather Underground Organization: Connexipedia Article
Article
An American radical left organization.
Weatherman
Jacobs, Harold
Book
1971
A history of the Weatherman organization.
Western Federation of Miners: Connexipedia Article
Article
Radical labor union that gained a reputation for militancy in the mines of the western United States and British Columbia.
What Uncle Sam Really Wants
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1993
Chomsky discusses examples of U.S. intervention and links together events stretching over four decades in regions throughout the world. He provides a quick synopsis of American foreign policy and pain...
The Women Who Gave Us Christmas: Exposing America's Greatest Crime
Katz, William Loren
Article
2010
In 1834, African American and white men and women members of William Lloyd Garrison’s newly formed Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society saw Christmas as an opportunity to expose a hypocritical republic ...
Workers of America, Unite! Racism is a Trade Union Issue
Finamore, Carl
Article
2015
The American working class is the most powerful in the world, is the most productive in the world and we operate the largest and most profitable economy in the world. American workers are also represe...
A Working-Class Hero Is Something To Be: Against The Current vol. 133
Early, Steve
Article
2008
As a 35-year veteran of union activity in America, I can personally attest that Tony Mazzocchi of the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers (OCAW) was a rare bird, perhaps the last of his kind.
World Orders Old and New
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1994
Chomsky surveys the international scene since 1945.
The World Without Us
Weisman, Alan
Book
2007
A thought experiment to see what would happen to the planet if human beings simply disappeared.
'Worse than Slavery': Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice
Oshinsky, David M.
Book
1997
After the abolition of slavery the white rulers of Mississippi developed a new system for keeping the ex-slaves in line: laws were passed to maintain white supremacy, including the system of convict l...
The Writings of David Roediger
Horowitz, Roger
Article
1997
Roediger criticizes Marxists for too often reducing racial discrimination to conflicts over resources, such as jobs or housing, that are manipulated by a society's upper classes in order to divert att...
Year 501: The Conquest Continues
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1993
An examination of the U.S. role in the world placed in the long historical perspective of the 500 years that followed the voyages of Columbus.
The Year of Awakening: Against The Current vol. 133
Winslow, Barbara
Article
2008
Against the Current: Which events of 1968 were you involved in? How did that event/those events affect you personally and politically at the time?
You Can't Be Neutral on a Moving Train: A personal history of our times
Zinn, Howard
Book
1994
Zinn tells his personal stories about more than thirty years of fighting for social change, from teaching at Spelman College to recent protests against war.
Zinn, Howard: Connexipedia Article
Article
American historian, political scientist, social critic, activist and playwright. (1922-2010).

Connexions Directory of Groups & Websites

AK Press
AK Press is a worker-run collective that publishes and distributes radical books, visual and audio media, and other mind-altering material. We're small: a dozen people who work long hours for short mo...
Antiwar.com
Libertarian-capitalist site opposed to imperialism and war, with extensive news and analysis.
Bureau of Public Secrets
Articles from a Situationist perspective.
Chomsky.info
The Noam Chomsky Web site.

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

Archive of Popular American Music
The UCLA Music Library's Archive of Popular American Music is a research collection covering the history of popular music in the United States from 1790 to the present. The collection, fully accessible at the item level through th...
ibiblio.org
The public's library and digital archive. Home to one of the largest "collections of collections" on the Internet, ibiblio.org is a conservancy of freely available information, including software, music, literature, art, history,...
National Archives of the United States
As the nation's record keeper, it is our vision that all Americans will understand the vital role records play in a democracy, and their own personal stake in the National Archives. Our holdings and diverse programs will be availa...
National Museum of American History
The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History dedicates its collections and scholarship to inspiring a broader understanding of our nation and its many peoples. We create opportunities for learning, stimulate imaginations,...
National Museum of the American Indian
The Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian is a museum dedicated to the life, languages, literature, history and arts of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere. It was established in 1989 through an Act of Cong...

Sources Library

Bonus Army
Connexipedia Article
1932
The Bonus Army was the popular name of an assemblage of some 43,000 marchers—17,000 World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups—who gathered in Washington, D.C., in the spring and summ...
Deep in the Swamps, Archaeologists Are Finding How Fugitive Slaves Kept Their Freedom
Grant, Richard; photographs by Allison Shelley
2016
The Great Dismal Swamp was once a thriving refuge for runaways. Archaeologists are learning more about their free communities.
Denver students stage mass walk-out over US history 'censorship'
2014
Hundreds of Denver-area high school students walked out their classrooms in a mass protest against what they call an attempt to censor their history curriculum by refocusing it on topics that promote ...
Dorothea Lange's Censored Photographs of FDR's Japanese Concentration Camps
2016
A collection of photographs by Dorothy Lange, commissioned by the US government to record the process of relocating Japanese-americans into internment camps in 1942, along with accompanying quotations...
In 1983 'war scare', Soviet leadership feared nuclear surprise attack by U.S.
Hoffman, David E.
2015
A nuclear weapons command exercise by NATO in November 1983 prompted fear in the leadership of the Soviet Union that the maneuvers were a cover for a nuclear surprise attack by the United States, trig...
The Irish Slaves: What They Will Never, Ever Tell You in History Class or Anywhere Else
2013
The first slaves imported into the American colonies were 100 White children. They arrived during Easter, 1619, four months before the arrival of a the first shipment of Black slaves. Mainstream histo...
Lincoln's Contested Legacy
Kunhardt, Philip B. III
Great Emancipator or unreconstructed racist? Defender of civil liberties or subverter of the Constitution? Each generation evokes a different Lincoln. But who was he?
Made in America
An Informal History of the English Language in the United States
Bryson, Bill
1994
A history of American English.
My Lai Massacre
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The My Lai Massacre was the mass murder conducted by a unit of the U.S. Army on March 16, 1968 of 347–504 unarmed citizens in South Vietnam, all of whom were civilians and a majority of whom were wo...
Nadir of American race relations
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The "nadir of American race relations" refers to the period in United States history from the end of Reconstruction through the early 20th century, when racism is deemed to have been worse than in any...
Nativism (politics)
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Nativism favors the interests of certain established inhabitants of an area or nation as compared to claims of newcomers or immigrants. It may also include the re-establishment or perpetuation of such...
New Deal
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The New Deal was a series of economic programs passed by the U.S. Congress during the first term of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President of the United States, from 1933 to 1938. The programs were resp...
Reconstruction era of the United States
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
In the history of the United States, Reconstruction Era has two uses; the first covers the entire nation in the period 1865-1877 following the Civil War; the second one, used in this article, covers t...
Red Shirts (Southern United States)
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The Red Shirts or Redshirts of the Southern United States were paramilitary groups in the 19th century, active primarily after the formal Reconstruction era of the United States. They first arose in M...
Red Summer of 1919
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Red Summer describes the bloody race riots that occurred in the United States during the summer and early autumn of 1919. In most instances, whites attacked African Americans in more than two dozen Am...
Riding the rail
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Riding the rail (also called running out of town on a rail) was a punishment in Colonial America in which a man (rarely a woman) was made to straddle a fence rail (usually the triangular split-rail ra...
Sedition Act of 1918
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The Sedition Act of 1918 was an Act of the United States Congress signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on May 16, 1918. It forbade the use of "disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language...
Slavery in the United States
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery in the United States was a form of unfree labor which existed as a legal institution in North America for more than a century before the founding of the United States in 1776, and continued mo...
Stand in the Schoolhouse Door
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The Stand in the Schoolhouse Door took place at Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama on June 11, 1963. George Wallace, the Governor of Alabama, in a symbolic attempt to keep his inaugural pr...
Tarring and feathering
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Tarring and feathering is a physical punishment, used to enforce unofficial justice.
Union League
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
A Union League is one of a number of organizations established starting in 1862, during the American Civil War to promote loyalty to the Union side and the policies of Abraham Lincoln.
U.S. Elites
The Original Gangsters
Alexandrov, Nick
2016
Donald Trump is at home in the underworld. Tom Robbins writes that the de facto GOP nominee "has encountered a steady stream of mob-tainted offers that he apparently couldn't refuse" in his decades in...
White League
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The White League was a white paramilitary group started in 1874 that operated to turn Republicans out of office and intimidate freedmen from voting and political organizing. Its first chapter in Grant...

From the Connexions Archives

Counterpunch
Periodical profile
Serial Publication (Periodical)
Progressive U.S. website/newsletter.