Strategies for Social Change

Below are groups and resources (books, articles, websites, etc.) related to this topic. Click on an item’s title to go its resource page with author, publisher, description/abstract and other details, a link to the full text if available, as well as links to related topics in the Subject Index. You can also browse the Title, Author, Subject, Chronological, Dewey, LoC, and Format indexes, or use the Search box.
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Connexions Library

Against multiculturalism
Malik, Kenan
Article
2002
Multiculturalism is an authoritarian, anti-human outlook. True political progress requires not recognition but action, not respect but questioning, not the invocation of the Thought Police but the for...
Anarchism vs. Marxism: A few notes on an old theme
Diemer, Ulli
Article
1978
Anarchist critiques of Marxism typically reveal a lack of knowledge of what Karl Marx actually wrote, resulting in sterile denunciations of a straw-man opponent.
Another world is possible if...
George, Susan
Book
2004
Susan George suggests that we can create a new and better world -- if we act together to bring about changes. She discusses the ifs and hows.
As We Don't See It
Article
A clarification of Solidarity London's 1968 pamphlet, "As We See It." Distinction is placed between real socialism and the "exploitative privileged minorities" who controll(ed) the USSR and China, as...
Beating Back the Corporate Attack: Socialism and the struggle for global justice
Clement, Chris; La Botz, Dan; Luce, Stephanie; Post, Charlie
Book
2000
Our movement is calling for a new direction -- for democratic control of our political life, and for democratic control over the most important aspects of the economy. Why should handful of the super-...
A Better World: Programme of the Worker-communist Party of Iran
Article
The actual lives and actions of people themselves reveal a deep-seated belief in the possibility and even the certainty of a better future.
Beyond the Fragments: Feminism and the Making of Socialism
Rowbotham, Sheila; Segal, Lynne; Wainright, Hilary
Book
1979
A call for various fractions of the left to unite and work for a socialism through grass-roots activism.
Blocking Progress: Consensus Decision Making In The Anti-Nuclear Movement
Ryan, Howard
Article
1983
Howard Ryan maintains that consensus is wrong in principle and in practice: "The problem is not so much that individuals are being irresponsible or somehow abusing the consensus process. The problem l...
Boycott Israel
Gordon, Neve
Article
2009
It is clear to me that the only way to counter the apartheid trend in Israel is through massive international pressure.
Can we shop our way to a better world?
Muhammad, Umair
Article
2016
In this article Umair Mohammad summarizes arguments from the introduction and first chapter of his book Confronting Injustice: Social Activism in the Age of Individualism. Mohammad argues that lifesty...
The Case for Grassroots Archives
Diemer, Ulli
Article
2012
Grassroots archives play a valuable role in what has been called "the battle of memory". People's history projects such as grassroots archives preserve and share stories of resistance, hidden historie...
Climate Insurgency: A Strategy for Survival
Brecher, Jeremy
Book
2015
Twenty-five years of human effort have failed even to slow climate change, let alone reverse it. Climate Insurgency lays out a strategy for protecting the earth s climate: a global nonviolent constitu...
The collective decides...
Landry, Charles; Morley, David; Southwood, Russell; Wright, Patrick
Article
1991
The obsession with 'process politics' leads to an obsession with all aspects of internal structure and its working. As a result, the collective can often lose sight of its larger political objectives ...
Common Sense for Hard Times: The Power of the Powerless to Cope with Everyday life and Transform Society in The Nineteen Seventies
Brecher, Jeremy; Costello, Tim
Book
1976
Presents a vision of society as it is and as it could be. Putting the problems of contemporary daily life in historical perspective, it reveals that they have their roots in the way our society is org...
The Communist Manifesto
Marx, Karl; Engels, Friedrich
Book
1848
Written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels as the theoretical and practical platform of the Communist League, a workers' association.
Counter Power: Making Change Happen
Gee, Tim
Book
2011
Argues that no major movement has ever been successful without counterpower, or the power that the "have-nots" can use to remove the power of the "haves." This book sets out to demystify the power dyn...
Critique of Nonviolent Politics: From Mahatma Gandhi to the Anti-Nuclear Movement
Ryan, Howard
Book
1984
Ryan accepts that sometimes nonviolence can be effective, but says that sometimes it is not: "a principled insistence on nonviolence can in some circumstances be dangerous to progressive social moveme...
Diagnosis, Goals and Methods of Social Change
Article
1976
Outline of several diagnoses of the state of social systems and institutions.
The End of the "Leaderless" Revolution: A Global Fallacy and the Military Intervention in Egypt
Tugal, Cihan
Article
2013
When movements don't have (or claim not to have) ideologies, agendas, demands and leaders, they can go in two directions: they can dissipate (as did Occupy), or serve the agendas of others. The end of...
The Enemy of Nature: The End of Capitalism or the End of the World?
Kovel, Joel
Book
2002
We live in and from nature, but the way we have evolved of doing this is about to destroy you. Capitalism and its by-products -- imperialism, war, neoliberal globalization, racism, poverty, and the de...
Excerpts from Endgame: Pacifism : Part 1 of 3
Jensen, Derrick
Article
2016
Derrick Jensen looks at the main arguments normally presented by pacifists and examines them to see if they make any sense.
Facing Reality
James, C.L.R., Lee, Grace C., Chaulieu, Pierre
Book
1958
Inspired by the October 1956 Hungarian workers' revolution against Stalinist oppression, as well as the U.S. workers' "wild-cat" strikes (against capital and the union bureaucracies), the authors look...
Facing Reality 45 Years Later: Critical Dialogue with James/Lee/Chaulieu
Goldner, Loren
Article
2003
According to Goldner, "In 1958, Facing Reality was an important book, uncannily anticipatory of the historical period which would unfold over the following 15 years. Its main assertions are still bein...
Farm Gate Defence
Wilford, Allen
Book
1986
Describes how farmers have been driven to come together to defend their farms in the face of high interest rates, mounting production costs and low prices.
Fictitious Capital and the Transition Out of Capitalism
Goldner, Loren
Article
2005
To understand the weight of fictitious capital in the current context, it is necessary to look beyond the merely economic to the class struggle. Despite the colossal efforts of ideology to deny or tri...
Fighting for Hope: Organizing to Realize Our Dreams
Kuyek, Joan Newman
Book
1990
Detailed information and advice on how to organize a group for social change.
For a Workers Recovery Plan - The Causes and Cures of a New Great Depression
Lerner, Eric
Article
2009
Economics is now not just for the experts. If anything is clear from the panic that started in mid- September, 2008, it is that workers must understand the economy. For clearly the 'experts' have no i...
Forget Shorter Showers
Jensen, Derrick
Article
2009
Why personal change does not equal political change.
From Dictatorship to Democracy
Sharp, Gene
Book
2002
A short, serious introduction to nonviolent struggle, its applications, and strategic thinking. Based on pragmatic arguments, this piece presents nonviolent struggle as a realistic alternative to war ...
From Self-managed Solidarity Unionism to a Self-managed Society
Wetzel, Tom
Article
2009
Capitalism is built on various forms of oppression and structural inequality. But the subordination and exploitation of the working class remains at the heart of the system. A liberatory program and s...
Get Up, Stand Up: Uniting Populists, Energizing the Defeated, and Battling the Corporate Elite
Levine, Bruce E.
Book
2011
Levine offers insights into the epidemic of political passivity in America and analyzes how major U.S. institutions have created helplessness and fatalism. He proposes ways of recovering dignity, ener...
Global Thoughts, Local Actions
McConkey, David
Book
1984
A wealth of information for those seeking ways to link global problems to everyday life.
Global Visions: Beyond the News World Order
Brecher, Jeremy; Childs, John Brown; Cutler, Jill
Book
1993
This book seeks to establish how our diverse globalizing world can be turned into a common home. The authors create a dialogue about the two types of globalization occurring in the world: globalizatio...
Globalization from Below: The power of solidarity
Brecher, Jeremy; Costello, Tim; Smith, Brendan
Book
2002
When tens of thousands of protestors brought the World Trade Organization in Seattle to a halt in November 1999, it marked the "coming out party" for a new global movement. Globalization from Below: T...
The Historical Failure of Anarchism
Day, Chris
Article
1996
Day examines anarchism's failure to genuinely critique itself, understand history or theory, and grasp the conditions in the world today. "Anti-capitalism doesn't do the victims of capitalism any good...
Imagine: Living in a Socialist USA
Goldin, Frances; Smith, Debby; Smith, Michael (eds.)
Book
2014
Imagine: Living in a Socialist USA is at once an indictment of American capitalism as the root cause of our spreading dystopia and a cri di coeur for what life could be like in the United States if we...
Inclusion or exclusion
Diemer, Ulli
Article
2008
People who advocate a vision of distinct communities that speak different languages, keep apart from each other, and communicate with the structures of the larger society only through interpreters, ar...
Is that an archive in your basement... or are you just hoarding?: Sources News Release
Article
2012
Are you an 'accidental archivist'? Have you been saving the publications and documents produced by the social justice projects you've been involved in? Then Connexions would like to hear from you.
Israel: Boycott, divest, sanction
Klein, Naomi
Article
2009
The best strategy to end the increasingly bloody occupation is for Israel to become the target of the kind of global movement that put an end to apartheid in South Africa.
The Joy of Revolution
Knabb, Ken
Book
1997
Knabb says "What is needed, I believe, is a worldwide participatory-democracy revolution that would abolish both capitalism and the state. This is admittedly a big order, but I'm afraid that nothing l...
Karl Marx
Korsch, Karl
Book
1938
It is the purpose of this book to restate the most important principles and contents of Marx's social science in the light of recent historical events and of the new theoretical needs which have arise...
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume I: State and Bureaucracy
Draper, Hal
Book
1977
A wide-ranging and thorough exposition of Marx's views on democracy.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume II: The Politics of Social Classes
Draper, Hal
Book
1978
Draper ranges through the development of the thought of Marx and Engels on the role of classes in society.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume III: The Dictatorship of the Proletariat
Draper, Hal
Book
1986
Hal Draper examines how Marx and Marxism dealt with the issue of dictatorship in relation to the revolutionary use of force and repression, particularly as this debate has centered on the use of the t...
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume IV: Critique of Other Socialisms
Draper, Hal
Book
1990
Much of Karl Marx's most important work came out of his critique of other thinkers, including many socialists who differed significantly in their conceptions of socialism. Draper looks at these critiq...
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume 5: War & Revolution
Draper, Hal; Haberkern, E.
Book
2005
The subject of this volume is Marx and Engels' views on the relation between war and revolution. Its thesis is that, over the course of decades, their views on this question changed -- evolved is a be...
Leading Principles of Marxism: A Restatement
Korsch, Karl
Article
1937
Marx's study of society is based upon a full recognition of the reality of historical change. Marx treats all conditions of existing bourgeois society as changing, ie more exactly, as conditions in th...
"Left-Wing" Communism: An Infantile Disorder
Lenin, V. I.
Book
1918
Lenin's repsonse to ultraleftists who advocate 'no compromises' and refuse to work in 'reactionary' trade unions and parliamentary elections.
Let's Be Practical
Stratman, Dave
Article
1997
Building a movement to destroy capitalism and create a society which truly reflects the aspirations of most people, though it may sound scary, is actually more practical than trying to reform a union.
Let's Stop Kidding Ourselves About the NDP
Diemer, Ulli
Article
1989
Canadian socialists are terribly reluctant to give up their illusions about the NDP.
Manifestos, Programs, Visions: Selected Manifestos - Political Statements - Programs
Website
1649
A selection of left manifestos, programs, poltical statements and visions from the 1600s to today.
Marx and Makhno Meet McDonald's
Goldner, Loren
Article
2005
Over the last several years, a revolving network of militants in Paris, France, have developed a strategy and tactics for winning strikes by marginal, low-paid, outsourced and immigrant workers agains...
Marxism.ca
Website
A gateway to resources about Marxism compiled by Connexions.
The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions
Luxemburg, Rosa
Book
1906
Luxemburg writes that "the mass strike in Russia [in 1905] has been realised not as means of evading the political struggle of the working-class, and especially of parliamentarism, not as a means of j...
Modern Capitalism and Revolution
Cardan, Paul (Cornelius Castoriadis)
Book
1959
For revolutionaries one central point must be grasped to understand how the system works: the struggle of human beings against their alientation, and the ensuing conflict and split in all spheres, asp...
Movement Pachamama: Indigenous Movements in Latin America
Fiorentini, Francesca
Article
2009
It is no accident that most of the remaining natural resources are on indigenous land. First the white world destroys their own environment, then they come asking for the last pieces of land they have...
Naming the Moment: Political Analysis for Action: A Manual for Community Groups
Barndt, Deborah, Freire, Carolos
Book
1989
A given moment - this moment - is unlike any other moment in time. Howe can we understand what it offers so that we can make the best use of it? How have people used moments in the past to push toward...
The National Question: Selected Writings by Rosa Luxemburg
Luxemburg, Rosa (edited by Davis, Horace B.)
Book
In her penetrating analysis of nationalism, Rosa Luxemburg argues that the formula of "the right of nations to self-determination" is essentially not a political or programmatic guide to the nationali...
A New Language is the Number One Imperative for a New Left Project
Stoker, David
Article
2014
Socialists “use words few people know to make arguments few people understand to fight for causes few people recognise on people who don’t care.”
A New Weave: Popular Education in Canada and Central America
Arnold, Rick; Barndt, Deborah; Burke, Bev
Book
1986
A resource for educators working for social change in community groups, trade unions, churches, the peace movement, women's groups, international development organizations, Central America and other s...
A New Weave: Popular Education in Canada and Central America
Arnold, Rick; Barndt, Deborah; Burke, Bev
Book
1986
A resource for educators working for social change in community groups, trade unions, churches, the peace movement, women's groups, international development organizations, Central American and other ...
News & Letters: Draft for Marxist-Humanist Perspectives, 2006 - 2007
Article
2006
We aim to help fill the void on the question of "what happens after" by creatively rethinking and restating his concept of "revolution in permanence" for today.
Occupy Wall Street vs. Kingian Methods: Where are the Demands?
Gray, Heather
Article
2011
The students, the labour unions, the working poor, the immigrants, the activists all over the country should come up with the solutions and make the demands. There can be dangerous consequences in or...
On Organization
Wetzel, Tom
Article
Discusses the democratic organizational forms appropriate to libertarian socialist organizations.
One Vote for Democracy: Consensus vs. democracy
Diemer, Ulli
Article
1986
Makes the case that the democratic model is better than the consensus model for activist group decision-making.
Ontological "Difference" and the Neo-Liberal War on the Social: Deconstruction and Deindustrialization
Goldner, Loren
Article
2001
We have today legions of people with a smattering of knowledge turning out reams of books filled with buzz words that could be (and have been) produced by a computer program, and could be (and are) pi...
Organizing for the Anti-Capitalist Transition
Harvey, David
Article
2009
David Harvey says that there is a lot of work to be done to coalesce various tendencies around the underlying question: can the world change materially, socially, mentally, and politically in such a w...
Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - December 5, 2015
Diemer, Ulli (ed.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2015
This issue of Other Voices covers a wide range of issues, from the climate crisis and the ecosocialist response, to terrorism and the struggle against religious fundamentalism, as well as items on urb...
Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - June 18, 2016
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2016
This issue of Other Voices features a wide range of issues. The topic of the week is homophobia, the hate that led to 49 deaths in Orlando last week, but which is present in greater or lesser form in ...
The path to power: 'Let's commit to the long haul'
Muhammad, Umair
Article
2016
The following discussion of strategy for social change, by Umair Muhammad, was first published under the title "An Altered Position," as an afterword to the second edition of his book Confronting Inju...
Perspectives for Conscious Change in Everyday Life
Debord, Guy
Article
1961
Guy Debord says that to study everyday life would be a completely absurd undertaking, unable even to grasp anything of its object, if this study was not expressly for the purpose of transforming every...
Practical Approaches to Non-violence
Dingwall, Edward
Article
2014
The Quaker group Turning the Tide works with communities in the UK and Kenya to help different groups and organizations develop their own nonviolent approaches to radical change and social justice. Ed...
Race and Class in Civil War Mississippi
Spritzler, John
Article
2009
The poor whites of Mississippi who fought the Confederacy alongside slaves did so because of working class values that they shared with slaves. The fact that poor whites may have believed some racist ...
Race Obsession harms those it is meant to help
Malik, Kenan
Article
2009
Ethnic monitoring does not just produce misleading data. The process of classification often creates the very problems it is supposed to solve. Local authorities have used ethnic categories not only a...
Recovering Nonviolent History: Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles
Bartkowski, Maciej (ed.)
Book
2013
Essays showing, in considerable detail, the varied roles played by civil resistance in fifteen liberation struggles in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas.
Reform and Revolution
Gorz, Andre
Article
1967
An essay taken from Andre Gorz's Le Socialisme Difficile in which he discusses how socialist strategy can aim to crate the objective and subjective conditions which will make mass revolutionary action...
Reform or Revolution
Mattick, Paul
Book
1983
The reformists had no principles to 'betray.' They remained what they had been all along, but they were now obliged first of all to safeguard the system in which their cherished practice could continu...
Regroupment & Refoundation of a U.S. Left
Article
2009
Perspectives for socialist renewal in the 21st century.
Reimagining Society
Website
An online collection of visions, proposals and strategies for social transformation.
Review: Accompanying: Pathways to Social Change
Neigh, Scott
Article
2013
Review of Staughton Lynd's "Accompanying: Pathways to Social Change", a book that by and large uses a story-based pedagogy rather than an analysis-based one. It walks through struggles that Lynd and h...
Revolution Re-Assessed: Politics of Human Liberation
Article
1980
The political objectives and beliefs of the Australian-based Libertarian Socialist Organisation.
Revolutionary "Termites" in Faridabad: A Proletarian Current In India Confronts Third Worldist Statism
Goldner, Loren
Article
1998
Kamunist Kranti/Collectivities: Presentation and Critical Dialogue
Sisterhood, Interrupted: From Radical Women to Grrls Gone Wild
Siegel, Deborah
Book
2007
A study of controversies in the feminist movement from the 1960s to the 2000s. Siegel wants readers to know about the multifaceted and contentious history of what is called feminism's "second wave" so...
Social Reform or Revolution
Luxemburg, Rosa
Book
1900
Rosa Luxemburg's attack on reformism.
Socialism and Revolution
Gorz, Andre
Book
1967
Representative democracy in every industrially advanced country is in a state of profound crisis. But we have been accustomed for so long to accept democracy in the form of its outward appearances and...
Socialism.ca
Website
A gateway to resources about socialism, socialist history, and socialist ideas, compiled by Connexions.
Solidarity As We See It
Article
1967
Ten Points on Solidarity's Socialist position - the compromised nature of the "Bolsheviks" and trade unions, the need to "build from below," the desire to see themselves as "merely an instrument of w...
Solidarity (US) Founding Statement
Article
1986
Adopted at the founding national convention of SOLIDARITY in the Spring of 1986.
SOS Alternatives to Capitalism
Swift, Richard
Book
2014
An investigation of the alternatives to capitalism, including socialism, anarchism and deep ecology.
SOS Alternatives to Capitalism: A discussion with Richard Swift
Bose, Rana; Swift, Richard
Article
2014
Montreal Serai had the opportunity to discuss SOS: Alternatives to Capitalism – a handy, slim compendium of vital, essential thoughts and discussions on the concept of an alternative economy and socie...
The Technological Transformation of the Third World: Strategies and Prospects
Bhagavan, M.R.
Book
1990
Dr. Bhagavan explores how Third World countries have tried to enforce an effective transfer of technology and technological know-how to their citizens. He argues a new strategy is required so that the...
Thinking About Self-Determination
Diemer, Ulli
Article
1994
Does that familiar canon of the left, 'the right to self-determination', actually mean anything, or is it an empty slogan whose main utility is that it relieves us of the trouble of thinking criticall...
This is What Insurgency Looks Like
Brecher, Jeremy
Article
2016
The call to Break Free from Fossil Fuels envisioned "tens of thousands of people around the world rising up" to take back control of their own destiny; "sitting down" to "block the business of governm...
Towards A Red Feminism
Ebert, Teresa
Article
1996
Red Feminism contests all forms of institutionalized feminism: from cultural feminism (which is making a comeback in the name of a commonsense fear of the "new," the "alien" and the technological) to ...
Traite du Savoir-Vivre for the Occupy Wall Street Generations
Giordano, Al
Article
2011
Once upon a time, twenty thousand people descended on Wall Street, the capitol of capital, occupied it nonviolently, and won exactly what they demanded. This is not a fairy tale. It really happened. T...
The Transition Initiative: Changing the scale of change
Griffiths, Jay
Article
2009
People never need communities more than when there are threats to security, food, and lives. The Transition Initiative recognizes how much we need this scale now, because of peak oil and climate chang...
Transitional demands
Irving, Sarah
Article
2009
The Transition movement aims to move us from oil dependency to local resilience, using the power of community.
The Two Souls of Socialism: Socialism from Above vs. Socialism from Below
Draper, Hal
Article
1960
It was Marx who finally brought the two ideas of socialism and democracy together, because he developed a theory which made the synthesis possible for the first time. The heart of the theory is this p...
Walking: We Ask Questions
Notes from Nowhere Collective
Article
2003
An essay from the book We Are Everywhere by the Notes From Nowhere Collective.
We Can Change the World: The Real Meaning Of Everyday Life
Stratman, Dave
Book
1991
Stratman draws on his experiences as a parent in the Boston school busing battle and later as Washington director of the National PTA, interviews with British coal miners and striking American meatpac...
What Do We Do Now? Building a Social Movement in the Aftermath of Free Trade
Diemer, Ulli
Article
1989
We have the potential to create a social movement in this country that goes beyond single-issue organizing to work toward an integrated vision of a more just and caring society.
What the Left Should be Learning From Iran
Giordano, Al
Article
2009
There are those on the left who mirror neocon thought: They argue that since Washington is in opposition to it, Iran must therefore be considered a 'good' government, worthy of solidarity. Others argu...
Who Advocates Spontaneity?
Brecher, Jeremy
Article
1973
The working class can come to understand its power to act only by acting.
Why the Working Class?
Chibber, Vivek
Article
2016
Workers are at the heart of the capitalist system. And that's why they are at the centre of socialist politics.
Wobblies & Zapatistas: Conversations on Anarchism, Marxism and Radical Theory
Lynd, Staughton; Grubacic, Andrej
Book
2008
Wobblies and Zapatistas offers readers an encounter between two generations and two traditions. Staughton Lynd and Andrej Grubacic meet in dialogue in an effort to bring together the anarchist and Mar...

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The Connexions Archive & Library is Toronto-based project dedicated to keeping alive the rich history of grassroots movements for social justice. Connexions preserves 'alternative' histories that r...
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Connexions provides information and services for advocacy groups, voluntary and non-profit organizations, and individuals, who are working for social and economic justice, environmental responsibility...
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Socialism.ca
A hub featuring links to selected resources about socialism, as well as other progressive sites of interest to socialists and activists.