Russian Revolution

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Connexions Library

The ABC of Communism
Bukharin, Preobrazhensky; (edited by Carr, E. H.)
Book
1920
Written as a commentary on the Bolshevik Party program, combining a vision of communist society with a program for practical action.
The Abolition of the State: Anarchist & Marxist Perspectives
Price, Wayne
Book
2007
Both Anarchists and Marxists believe that it will be possible to do away with the state. But what do they mean by that? What is the state, after all? What institutions, if any, would be necessary ...
The Age of Permanent Revolution: A Trotsky Anthology
Deutscher, Isaac
Book
A collection of writings by Leon Trotsky.
The Agrarian Question in the Russian Revolution: From Material Community to Productivism, and Back
Goldner, Loren
Article
2014
This article was conceived as Part One of a three-part series which would be: 1) the revolutionary epoch 1917–1923, and the ultimately disastrous international influence of the Russian Revolution, ill...
All That Is Solid Melts Into Air: The Experience of Modernity
Berman, Marshall
Book
1982
Berman examines the clash of classes, histories, and clutures in the modern world, and ponders our prospects for coming to terms with the relationship between a liberating social and philosophical ide...
The Anarchists in the Russian Revolution: Documents of revolution
Avrich, Paul (ed.)
Book
1973
A selection of articles, manifestos, speeches, resolutions, letter, diaries, poems, and songs which seek to capture the spirit of the anarchist movement in Rissia.
The Autobiography of a Sexually Emancipated Communist Woman
Kollontai, Alexandra
Book
1926
This is the first time that the complete autobiography which Alexandra Kollontai has been published. Written in 1926 under the pressure of the gradually sharpening Stalinist control, readers must real...
Bolshevik Party: Entry in the Marxists Internet Archive Glossary
Article
The Bolshevik party led the Russian Revolution of 1917.
The Bolshevik Revolution 1917 - 1923 - Volume One: A History of Soviet Russia
Carr, Edward Hallet
Book
1950
The first volume of E.H. Carr's eight-volume history of Soviet Russia,, containing an analysis of those events and controversies in Bolshevik history between 1898 and 1917 which influenced the nature ...
Bolshevik Women
Clements, Barbara Evans
Book
1997
A history of the contributions of women to the Soviet Communist Party before 1921 in Russia.
The Bolsheviks Come to Power: The Revolution of 1917 in Petrograd
Rabinowitch, Alexander
Book
2009
An account of how the Bolshevik revolution triumphed.
The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control: The State and Counter-Revolution
Brinton, Maurice
Book
1970
A pamphlet exposing the struggle that took place over the running of workplaces in the immediate aftermath of the Russian Revolution. In doing so not only does it demolish the romantic Leninist "histo...
Bolshevism: The Road to Revolution
Woods, Alan
Article
1999
An in-depth analysis of the history of Bolshevism and the many programmatic, tactical and organisational lessons to be drawn from that history.
Nikolai Bukharin Archive - index
Bukharin, Nikolai
Article
Writings of Nikolai Bukharin
The Case for Socialism
Maass, Alan
Book
2005
An argument for socialism: a society built from the bottom up through the struggles of ordinary people against exploitation, oppression, and injustice -- one in which people come before profit. A soci...
Connexions Other Voices - May 28, 2017: Resisting Injustice
Diemer, Ulli (ed.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2017
In this issue, we look at the relentless persistence of people challenging injustice and entrenched power in places around the world, including Palestine, Korea, China, Canada, and the United States. ...
The Contradiction of Trotsky
Lefort, Claude
Article
1948
It was worth examining carefully Trotsky's attitude at the dawn of Stalinism, for it enables us to elucidate the (theoretical) policy to which he adhered until his death. I have said that Trotsky repr...
The Destiny of A Revolution: Review of Victor Serge, Russia Twenty Years After
Filtzer, Donald
Article
1998
Victor Serge's more impassioned account based on his eyewitness observations of everyday life and the detailed realities of Stalinist political repression.
A Dictionary of Marxist Thought
Bottomore, Tom
Book
1983
February Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
Was the first of two revolutions in Russia in 1917.
Five Years’ Struggle
Serge, Victor
Article
1923
Flame on the Snow: (1920/1921)
Serge, Victor
Article
1924
From Lenin to Stalin
Serge, Victor
Book
1937
A fascinating, first-hand account of the Stalinist takeover in Russia.
The Great Class War: 1914-1918
Pauwels, Jacques R.
Book
2016
In this critical, revisionist account, historian Jacques Pauwels shows how the First World War was rooted in class strife that begin with the French Revolution in 1789 and continued long past the war ...
Heretics and Renegades
Deutscher, Isaac
Book
1955
Essasy on the Soviet Union and the Soviet bloc.
The Hero' of Kronstadt Writes History: Review of The Revolution Betrayed
Mattick, Paul
Article
1937
It is only necessary to reflect on the paramount role which Trotsky played in the first thundering years of Bolshevik Russia to understand why he cannot admit that the Bolshevik revolution was only ab...
The History of Democracy: A Marxist Interpretation
Roper, Brian S.
Book
2013
Roper traces the history of democracy from ancient Athens to the emergence of liberal representative and socialist participatory democracy. He argues that democracy cannot be understood separately fro...
IMF World Bank More World Less Bank: New Internationalist March 2004
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2004
A look into the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, and what they have done.
Interactive map of workers' councils (1917-1927)
Article
2017
This article charts the spread of the workers' council movement in the ten-year period after the 1917 revolution in Russia.
Introducing the Year 1905: Centennial of Struggle: Against The Current vol. 114
The Editors
Article
2005
The year 1905 stands out as the onset of an era of explosive anticapitalist struggle—all the more so 100 years later, when we feel stranded in a neoliberal ice age. Looking back at the events of that ...
Kronstadt Again
Macdonald, Dwight
Article
1939
Serge charges that, after the rebels had been disarmed, there was a general massacre of prisoners. And that such as were not shot down on the spot were executed in batches by the Cheka, after secret t...
The Kronstadt Commune
Mett, Ida
Book
1938
A history of the Kronstadt Uprising 1921 which highlights one of the most important yet neglected events of the Russian Revolution. The suppression of the most revolutionary section of the Navy by the...
Kronstadt rebellion: Connexipedia Article
Article
An uprising of Soviet sailors, soldiers and civilians against the Bolshevik government in 1921.
Left-wing uprisings against the Bolsheviks: Connexipedia Article
Article
A series of rebellions and uprisings against the Bolsheviks led or supported by left wing groups.
Lenin
Lih, Lars T.
Book
2011
Lenin 1917-18: the road to the authoritarian state.
Biddulph, Barry
Article
2014
Lenin’s focus when he returned to Russia in 1917 was on the facts of the revolution, rather than outdated Bolshevik theory. He began with what was real, rather than an abstract possibility.
Lenin in 1917
Serge, Victor
Article
1924
Lenin, Vladimir - Writings - Index
Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich
Article
The Lessons of October
Trotsky, Leon
Article
1924
The Letters of Rosa Luxemburg
Luxemburg, Rosa (edited by Georg Adler, Peter Hudis, and Annelies Laschitza)
Book
1990
Blending a passionate sensibility and a steely intellect with an unshakeable commitment to revolutionary socialism, Rosa Luxemburg is one of the towering figures of the twentieth century. In this comp...
Listen, Marxist!
Bookchin, Murray
Book
1969
Murray Bookchin takes on the 'Marxist-Leninists' who are destroying the New Left.
Luxemburg, Rosa - Writings - Index
Luxemburg, Rosa
Article
Writings of Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1919).
Makhno, Nestor: Connexipedia Article
Article
Ukrainian anarcho-communist guerrilla leader. (1888-1934).
Manifesto of the Makhnovists
Makhno, Nestor
Article
1918
We must win - win not so that we may follow the example of past years and hand over our fate to some new master, but to take it in our own hands and conduct our lives according to our own will and our...
Marxism and Freedom: From 1776 to Today
Dunayevskaya, Raya
Book
1958
Dunayevskaya argues that Marx's theory is the generalisation of the instinctive striving of the proletariat for a new social order, a truly human society.
Marxism and the Russian Anarchists
D'Agostino, Anthony
Book
Studies of the ideas of Russian anarchists, including anarcho-syndicalists, anarchist-communists, Makheavists, council anarchists, Makhnovism, and soviet anarchists.
A Marxist History of the World part 70: 1917: the February Revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
As WWI turned into a protracted, bloody struggle the initial enthusiasm gave way to growing class tensions which exploded first in Russia's February Revolution.
A Marxist History of the World part 71: Dual power: the mechanics of revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
The centuries old Russian monarchy was overthrown in a matter of days in February 1917. Neil Faulkner looks at the months of turmoil that followed.
A Marxist History of the World part 72: February to October the rhythms of revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
The situation of 'dual power' that emerged after the overthrow of the Tsar in February 1917 was marked by a series of major political crises.
A Marxist History of the World part 80: Stalinism: the bitter fruit of revolutionary defeat
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
Neil Faulkner looks at the time when the Bolshevik regime turned in on itself and morphed into a mockery of its socialist ideals.
The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions
Luxemburg, Rosa
Book
1906
Luxemburg writes that "the mass strike in Russia [in 1905] has been realised not as means of evading the political struggle of the working-class, and especially of parliamentarism, not as a means of j...
Memoirs of a Revolutionary 1901- 1941
Serge, Victor
Book
1943
Victor Serge, who was bron in 1890 and died in 1947, was an anarchist, a Bolshevik, a Trotskyist, and a revisionist-Marxist. Belgian by birth and upbringing, French by adoption and in literary express...
My Disillusionment in Russia
Goldman, Emma
Book
1925
Anarchist Emma Goldman recounts her experiences in Russia during the early years of the Revolution, and her subsequent disillusionment with the Bolshevik regime.
My Life
Trotsky, Leon
Book
1930
Trotsky's autobiography, published in 1930.
The National Question: Selected Writings by Rosa Luxemburg
Luxemburg, Rosa (edited by Davis, Horace B.)
Book
In her penetrating analysis of nationalism, Rosa Luxemburg argues that the formula of "the right of nations to self-determination" is essentially not a political or programmatic guide to the nationali...
The New War
Pankhurst, Sylvia
Article
1919
Soldiers who enlisted, or were conscripted, for the old war have been quietly kept on to fight in the new war which began without any formal declaration. They have not been asked: "Do you approve this...
Obsolete Communism: The Left-Wing Alternative
Cohn-Bendit, Daniel; Cohn-Bendit, Gabriel
Book
1968
An account of the May 1968 uprising in Paris, positing a left radical alternative to the encrusted beliefs of the old left and the right. A comment on power, on bureaucracy, and on the paths to libera...
An October for Us, for Russia and for the Whole World: Against The Current vol. 131
an appeal from Russian Intellectuals and Artists
Article
2007
This appeal from Russian intellectuals and artists on the 90th anniversary of the Russian October Revolution comes to us from veteran leftists, social democrats, artists and even children of Left Oppo...
October Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
The October Revolution, also known as the Soviet Revolution or Bolshevik Revolution, was a political revolution and a part of the Russian Revolution.
On Revolution
Arendt, Hannah
Book
1963
Arendt examines the American, French, and Russian revolutions and draws conclusions about the meaning of revolution.
Once More: Kronstadt
Macdonald, Dwight
Article
1938
I admire Trotsky and accept many of his theories. An article like this - essentially a piece of special pleading, however brilliant - makes it harder to defend Trotsky from the often-made accusation t...
Once More: Kronstadt
Serge, Victor
Article
1938
The question which dominates today the whole discussion is, in substance, this: When and how did Bolshevism begin to degenerate?
Organizational Platform of the General Union of Anarchists
Makhno; Mett; Arshinov; Valevski; Linski
Article
In 1926 a group of exiled Russian anarchists in France, the Delo Truda (Workers' Cause) group, published this pamphlet.
Organizational Questions of the Russian Social Democracy
Luxemburg, Rosa
Article
1904
Rosa Luxemburg's contribution to the debate within the Russian Social Democratic movement on party organization and democratic centralism. Luxemburg joins Trotsky in warning of the dangers inherent in...
Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - February 12, 2017
Diemer, Ulli (ed.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2017
Class conflict - first and foremost, the relationship between the capitalist class and the working class -- is the fundamental contradiction that defines capitalist society. Class is a reality which s...
A People's History of the World: From the Stone Age to the New Millennium
Harman, Chris
Book
1999
Harman describes the shape and course of human history as a narrative of ordinary people forming and re-forming complex societies in pursuit of common human goals.
Practice and Theory of Bolshevism
Russell, Bertrand
Book
1920
Prelude to Revolution: The Petrograd Bolsheviks and the July 1917 Uprising
Rabinowitch, Alexander
Book
1968
About the role of the Bolsheviks in the period between the February and October 1917 revolutions, concentrating on their role in the July uprising in Petrograd.
The Question of Stalin
Colletti, Lucio
Article
Colletti explores the contradictions of Bolshevism as the vanguard party which constructed a powerful state apparatus to manage the socialist relations of production while abandoning the development o...
Red Emma Speaks: Selected Writings and Speeches by Emma Goldman
Goldman, Emma (edited by Shulman, Alix Kates)
Book
1972
A collection of essays which provide a comprehensive view of Emma Goldman's theories and beliefs.
Reds (film)
Beatty, Warren (director)
Film/Video
1981
A 1981 film that was co-written, produced, and directed by Warren Beatty. The picture centres on the life and career of John Reed, the journalist and writer who chronicled the Russian Revolution in hi...
Reed, John: Connexipedia Article
Article
American journalist and communist activist. (1887-1920).
Reed, John - Writings - Index
Reed, John
Article
Writings of John Reed (1887-1920).
Report from Moscow from Otto Ruhle
Ruhle, Otto
Article
1920
The Russian tactic is the tactic of authoritarian organisation. It has been so consistently developed and in the end carried to extremes, by the Bolsheviks to the fundamental principle of centralism t...
The Revolution in Russia
Luxemburg, Rosa
Article
1905
Revolutionary Soviet Film Posters
Ferm, Alan; Mildred, Constantine
Book
1974
The Role of Bolshevik Ideology in the Birth of the Bureaucracy
Castoriadis, Cornelius
Article
1962
People have not finished talking about the Russian Revolution, its problems, its degeneration, and about the regime it ultimately produced. And how could one? Of all the revolts of the working class, ...
Rosa Luxemburg: Abridged Edition
Nettl, Peter
Book
1966
A biography of Luxemburg by a British academic.
Rosa Luxemburg: Selected Political Writings
Luxemburg, Rosa (edited with an introduction by Robert Looker)
Book
1972
A selection of Rosa Luxemburg's writings which highlight her outstanding contributions to the theory and practice of revolutionary socialism.
The Rosa Luxemburg Reader
Luxemburg, Rosa. [Anderson, Kevin; Hudis, Peter (eds.)]
Book
2004
A definitive one-volume collection of Luxemburg's writings.
Rosa Luxemburg Speaks
Waters, Mary Alice
Book
A selection of speeches and writings by Rosa Luxemburg.
Rosa Luxemburg, Women's Liberation, and Marx's Philosophy of Revolution
Dunayevskaya, Raya
Book
1981
Part I - Rosa Luxemburg as Theoretician, as Activist, as Internationalist. Part II - The Women's Liberation Movement as Revolutionary Force and Reason. Part III - Karl Marx: From Critic of Hegel to Au...
Rosmer, Alfred - Writings - Index
Rosmer, Alfred
Article
Writings of Alfred Rosmer (1883-1969).
Russia in 1919
Ransome, Arthur
Book
1919
This book describes the economic, social and political situation Arthur Ransome saw during his visit to Russia in February and March of 1919. Underlining the description of these events is the wrenchi...
Russia in Revolution 1900-1930
Salisbury, Harrison E.
Book
1978
A portrait of thirty years of political and artistic upheaval.
Russia Twenty Years After
Serge, Victor
Book
1937
Serge's impassioned account based on his eyewitness observations of everyday life and the detailed realities of Stalinist political repression.
The Russian Enigma: Lenin, Also...: Chapter 9 of Book 3 of The Russian Enigma, cut by the publisher of the original 1938 version
Ciliga, Ante
Article
1938
Chapter 9 of Book 3 of Ante Ciliga's The Russian Enigma originally published as In The Land of The Great Lie. The book details Ciliga's time spent in Soviet Prisons and 'isolaters' following his arres...
The Russian Revolution
Luxemburg, Rosa
Book
1918
The basic lesson of every great revolution, the law of its being, decrees: either the revolution must advance at a rapid, stormy, resolute tempo, break down all barriers with an iron hand and place it...
The Russian Revolution in Retreat: Against The Current vol. 136
Farber, Samuel
Article
2008
The relationship between “Leninism” and Stalinism has been a highly controversial topic between the political left and right as well as within the left itself. The “totalitarian” school of thought, hi...
The Russian Revolution Ninety Years After: Against The Current vol. 131
Mandel, David
Article
2007
The October Revolution of 1917 in Russia was the most influential political event of the 20th century. But since history is written by the victors, it is not well known that October was the opening sh...
Russian Revolution of 1905: Connexipedia Article
Article
A wave of mass political unrest through vast areas of the Russian Empire.
Russian Revolution of October 1917
Website
Eye-Witness reports and analyses of the Revolution by its participants and links to historical documents.
The Russian Revolution Revisited
Weissman, Susan
Article
1998
THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION is dead. The last of its veterans and contemporaries are gone, and the working class of today has little or no connection to the revolutionary movements of the inter-war generat...
The Russian Revolution Revisited - Review: Against The Current vol. 161
Goldner, Loren
Article
2012
A review of 'The October Revolution in Prospect and Retrospect: Interventions in Russian and Soviet History' by John Eric Marot.
The Russian tragedy
Luxemburg, Rosa
Article
1918
There is only one solution to the tragedy in which Russia in caught up: an uprising at the rear of German imperialism, the German mass rising, which can signal the international revolution to put an e...
Selections from the Prison Notebooks
Gramsci, Antonio
Book
1951
Gramsci's Notebooks cover a wide range of subjects including history, culture, politics, and philosophy.
Serge, Viktor - Writings - Index
Serge, Viktor
Article
Writings of Victor Serge (1890-1947).
Situationist International Anthology
Knabb, Ken
Book
1981
A selection of Situationist writings.
Six Red Months in Russia: An Observers Account of Russia Before and During the Proletarian Dictatorship
Bryant, Louise
Book
1918
Louise Bryant's account of her time in Russia during the revolution 1917-1918.
Socialist Register 1984: Volume 21: The Uses of Anti-Communism
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1984
Stalin – An Appraisal of the Man and his Influence
Trotsky, Leon
Book
1941
Trotsky's unfinished biography of Stalin.
Strike!: The True History of Mass Insurgence from 1877 to the Present
Brecher, Jeremy
Book
1972
A history-from-below that brings to light strikes as authentic revolutionary movements against the establishments of state, capital, and trade unionism.
Svyazhsk
Reissner, Larissa
Article
1922
Larissa Reissner's vivid description of the 1918 battle for Svyazhsk during the Russian Civil War.
The Tasks of the Proletariat in the Present Revolution: a.k.a. The April Theses
Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich
Article
1917
This article contains Lenin’s famous April Theses read by him at two meetings of the All-Russia Conference of Soviets of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies, on April 4, 1917.
Ten Days That Shook The World
Reed, John
Book
1919
John Reed's gripping account of the Russian Revolution of November 1917.
Theses of the Workers Opposition
Shliapnikov, Alexander
Article
1921
Advocated the role of unionized workers in directing the economy at a time when Soviet government organs were running industry by dictate and trying to exclude trade unions from a participatory role.
To The Finland Station: A Study in the Writing and Acting of History
Wilson, Edmund
Book
1940
The revolutionary tradition in Europe and the rise of socialism.
Toward a socialist future: Children’s picture books after the Bolshevik Revolution
Scripps, Thomas
Article
2016
The Russian Revolution of 1917 was the defining event of the 20th century. Its influence extended across virtually every aspect of human society the world over. The scope for study of the revolution a...
Trotsky Reconsidered: Claude Lefort's Perspective
Garvey, John
Article
2013
In spite of all the ink spilled that says the opposite, Trotsky may have been closer to Stalin than he was to Lenin. That’s the argument made by Claude Lefort (one of the leading members of Socialisme...
Trotsky's History of the Russian Revolution: Volume One
Trotsky, Leon
Book
1932
A combination of dramatic narrative and searching analysis by one of the key figures in the Russian Revolution. Volume 1 cover the period up to the “July Days” – a semi-insurrection followed by attemp...
The Unfinished Revolution Russia 1917-1967
Deutscher, Isaac
Book
1967
On the signficance of the Russian Revolution.
The Unknown Dimension: European Marxism Since Lenin
Howard, Dick, Klare, Karl E.
Book
1972
The radical intellectual tradition of European post-Leninist Marxism, so different from the dogma of the orthodox leftist parties, is an unknowwn dimension. This anthology sets out to recover this Mar...
Was the Bolshevik Revolution a Failure?
Mattick, Paul
Article
1938
As soon as the Bolsheviks recognized that the proletariat was too weak to establish state capitalistic systems favorable to Russia in other countries, and also that the bourgeoisie was no longer willi...
When Canada Invaded Russia
Engler, Yves
Article
2017
The corporate media presents Russia as militaristic but ignores Canada’s invasion of that country.
Why Marx Was Right
Eagleton, Terry
Book
2011
Eagleton takes common objections to Marxism and demonstrates how and why they are wrong.
Workers Opposition: Solidarity London Pamphlet
Kollontai, Alexandra
Book
1921
Published in Soviet Russia in January 1921 and banned in March 1921.
Workers' Opposition: Connexipedia Article
Article
A group within the Russian Communist Party that struggled to achieve workers rights and trade union control over industry.
Workers' Opposition: Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedaa of Marxism Glossary of Terms
Article
A group within the Russian Communist Party that struggled to achieve workers rights and trade union control over industry.
Year 501: The Conquest Continues
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1993
An examination of the U.S. role in the world placed in the long historical perspective of the 500 years that followed the voyages of Columbus.

Connexions Directory of Groups & Websites

AK Press
AK Press is a worker-run collective that publishes and distributes radical books, visual and audio media, and other mind-altering material. We're small: a dozen people who work long hours for short mo...
Break Their Haughty Power
Articles on capitalism, socialism, and revolution, from a left-Marxist perspective.
Bureau of Public Secrets
Articles from a Situationist perspective.
Libcom.org
Resource for all people who wish to improve their lives, their communities and their working conditions. We want to discuss with one another, learn from experiences of the past and develop strategies ...
Marxists Internet Archive
Large archive of the writings of Marx and Engels and of others in the Marxist tradition. Searchable.
News and Letters
An organization of Marxist-Humanists standing for the abolition of capitalism, both in its private property form and ins its state property form. We stand for the deveopment of new human relations; wh...

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

Marxists Internet Archive
Large archive of the writings of Marx and Engels and of others in the Marxist tradition. Searchable.

Sources Library

Black Guards
Wikipedia article
Armed groups of anarchist workers in the Russian Revolution in 1917-1918.
Revolution.international
Web resources on revolutionary politics and revolution.
Russia in Revolution
Halliday, E.M.
1967

From the Connexions Archives

Marxists Internet Archive
Website
Large archive of the writings of Marx and Engels and of others in the Marxist tradition. Searchable.
News and Letters
Serial Publication (Periodical)
Articles from a Marxist-Humanist perspective.