Organizations & Movements formed 1800-1900

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American Anti-Slavery Society: Connexipedia Article
Article
An abolitionist society (1833-1870) founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan.
Anarchist St. Imier International: Connexipedia Article
Article
An international anarchist organization formed in 1872.
Anti-consumerism: Connexipedia Article
Article
The socio-political movement against consumerism, the equation of personal happiness with consumption and the purchase of material possessions.
Anti-Socialist Laws: Connexipedia Article
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Were a series of acts, the first of which was passed on October 19, 1878 by the German Reichstag for a limited term, and the later ones regularly extending the term of its application.
The Bund (General Jewish Labour Bund): Connexipedia Article
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A secular Jewish socialist party in Central and Eastern Europe operating predominantly between the 1890s and the 1930s.
Chartism: Connexipedia Article
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A movement for political and social reform in the United Kingdom during the mid-19th century between 1838 and 1850 which takes its name from the People's Charter of 1838.
Communist League: Connexipedia Article
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The first Marxist international organization. It was founded originally as the League of the Just by German workers in Paris in 1836.
Conservation movement: Connexipedia Article
Article
A political and social movement that seeks to protect natural resources including plant and animal species as well as their habitat for the future.
Feminism: Connexipedia Article
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Used to describe a political, cultural or economic movement aimed at establishing more rights and legal protection for women.
Flying University: Connexipedia Article
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An underground educational enterprise that operated from 1885 to 1905 in Warsaw, the historic Polish capital, then under the control of the Russian Empire, and that was revived between 1977 and 1981 i...
Free love: Connexipedia Article
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Used to describe a social movement that rejects marriage, which is seen as a form of social bondage, especially for women.
Freikörperkultur: Connexipedia Article
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A German movement whose name translates to Free Body Culture which endorses a naturistic approach to sports and community living.
Gay rights movement: Connexipedia Article
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Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender social movements share inter-related goals of social acceptance of sexuality and gender minorities.
Icarians: Connexipedia Article
Article
A French utopian movement, founded by Étienne Cabet, who led his followers to America where they established a group of egalitarian communes during the period from 1848 through 1898.
Indian independence movement: Connexipedia Article
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Encompasses a wide spectrum of political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending British colonial authority in South Asia.
International Workingmen's Association (The First International): Connexipedia Article
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An international socialist organization which aimed at uniting a variety of different left-wing political groups and trade union organizations that were based on the working class and class struggle.
History of the International Workingmen's Association
Website
Links to the history of the development of the International Workingmen's Association.
Jews, Marxism and the Worker's Movement
Website
A subject index of texts from Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, Leon and Luxemburg; texts from the Jewish Socialist & Labor Movement and the impact of the Russian Revolution on Jews.
Knights of Labor: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
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The major labour reform organization of the late 19th century in the United States.
Lowell Mill Girls: Connexipedia Article
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Female textile workers in Lowell, Massachusetts, in the 19th century.
Luddites: Connexipedia Article
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A social movement of British textile artisans in the early nineteenth century who protested - often by destroying mechanized looms - against the changes produced by the Industrial Revolution, which we...
Nine-Hour Movement: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
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Was an international workers' attempt to secure shorter working days.
Second International: Connexipedia Article
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Organization of socialist and labour parties formed in Paris on July 14, 1889.
Sexual revolution: Connexipedia Article
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Encompasses the changes in social thought and codes of behaviour related to sexuality throughout the Western world.
Social Gospel: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
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The Social Gospel was an attempt to apply Christianity to the collective ills of an industrializing society, and was a major force in Canadian religious, social and political life from the 1890s throu...
Social Gospel: Wikipedia article
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The Social Gospel movement is a Protestant Christian intellectual movement that was most prominent in the early 20th century United States and Canada. The movement applied Christian ethics to social p...
Socialist Labor Party of America: Connexipedia Article
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Party advocating "socialist industrial unionism" - a belief in a fundamental transformation of society through the combined political and industrial action of the working class organized in industrial...
Urban Citizen Movements: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Higgins, Donald
Article
Community groups that are often organized around concerns about land use and the way planning decisions are made in local government.
Western Federation of Miners: Connexipedia Article
Article
Radical labor union that gained a reputation for militancy in the mines of the western United States and British Columbia.
Women's Suffrage (Canada): Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
Suffrage campaign in the late 19th century which aimed to achieve votes for all women as a democratic right.

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