Events 1950-1999

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Algerian War of Independence: Connexipedia Article
Article
A conflict between France and Algerian independence movements from 1954 to 1962, which led to Algeria gaining its independence from France.
Arizona Copper Mine Strike of 1983: Connexipedia Article
Article
1983
Dispute between the Phelps Dodge Corporation and a unionized copper miners.
Australian waterfront dispute of 1998: Connexipedia Article
Article
Severe and protracted industrial relations dispute, primarily between the Maritime Union of Australia (MUA) and Patrick Corporation, a stevedoring and transportation company.
Battle of Orgreave: Connexipedia Article
Article
A confrontation between police and picketing miners at a British Steel coking plant in Orgreave, South Yorkshire, in 1984, during the UK miners' strike.
Battle of Valle Giulia: Connexipedia Article
Article
A clash between Italian left-wing militants and the Italian police at Valle Giulia, in Rome, on March 1, 1968.
Bituminous Coal Strike of 1974: Connexipedia Article
Article
1974
A 28-day national coal strike in the United States led by the United Mine Workers of America,
Challenging the Mississippi Fire Bombers: Memories of Mississippi 1964-65
Dann, Jim
Book
2013
With a firsthand account of the details and thoughtful descriptions of key people on the front lines, author Jim Dann brings the historic period, the June 1964 civil rights struggle to register as man...
Chicago '68
Farber, David
Book
1988
A vivid history of the political and social movements of that turbulent time, when the power structure felt itself threatened by social movements that rejected much of what it stood for.
COINTELPRO: Connexipedia Article
Article
A series of covert, and often illegal, projects conducted by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the ...
Common Front Strikes: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
Cartel of Québec public- and para-public-sector trade unions formed in 1972 to negotiate with the provincial government.
Critical Mass: Connexipedia Article
Article
A bicycling event typically held on the last Friday of every month.
Cuban Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
An armed revolt that led to the overthrow of U.S.-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista of Cuba on January 1, 1959 by the 26th of July Movement led by Fidel Castro.
Delano grape strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike, boycott, and secondary boycott led by the United Farm Workers (UFW) against growers of table grapes in California.
Detroiters Remember the 1967 Rebellion: Kim D. Hunter interviews Ed Vaughn
Vaughn, Ed; Hunter, Kim D.
Article
1997
An interview with Ed Vaughn, an eyewitness observer of the 1967 Detroit rebellion, on the event, its causes and its impact on history.
First Intifada: Connexipedia Article
Article
A Palestinian Uprising against Israeli rule in the Palestinian Territories.
Five Days in Seattle: A View from the Ground
Dixon, Chris
Article
1999
About the 1999 protests in Seattle.
Freedom rides: Connexipedia Article
Article
Freedom Riders were Civil Rights activists who rode on interstate buses into the segregated southern United States.
Freedom Summer: Connexipedia Article
Article
A campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi, which up to that time had almost totally excluded black voters.
French Revolution 1968
Seale, Patrick, & McConville, Maureen
Book
1968
Seale and McConville set out to relate what happened during the May 1968 revolt in France, to set the explosion in its context of French politics, and to single out what they take to be the original a...
General Strike France 1968: A factory-by-factory account
Hoyles, Andree
Book
1969
Andre Hoyles analyses the development, organisation and end of the mass strike in France, 1968, with reference to case studies of particular factories.
How Our Lives Have Been Changed: An interview with Kate DeSmet
Article
1997
You understand that there's a "common union" and "community," which of course is where "communion" comes from. That's better than what I had before. The best writers write with their own voice; and i...
Human Be-In: Connexipedia Article
Article
A happening in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park, the afternoon and evening of January 14, 1967
Hungarian Revolution of 1956: Connexipedia Article
Article
A spontaneous nationwide revolt against the Stalinist government of the People's Republic of Hungary.
Kengir uprising: Connexipedia Article
Article
A prisoner uprising that took place in the Soviet prison labor camp Kengir in May and June 1954.
Kent State shootings: Connexipedia Article
Article
The shooting of unarmed college students by members of the Ohio National Guard on Monday, May 4, 1970.
Little Rock Central High School: Connexipedia Article
Article
The site of forced school desegregation during the American Civil Rights Movement.
Long March, Short Spring: The Student Uprising at Home and Abroad
Ehrenreich, Barbara, Ehrenreich, John
Book
1969
An examination of the world student rebellions of the late 1960s.
Manoir Richelieu Dispute: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Rioux, Michel
Article
Few labour disputes have included such dramatic developments as the eventful Manoir Richelieu conflict, which shook Quebec in December 1985 when the Parti Québécois government sold the property, a ren...
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom: Connexipedia Article
Article
Large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963 at which Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony at the Lincoln Me...
Mau Mau Uprising: Connexipedia Article
Article
An insurgency by Kenyan peasants against the British colonialist rule.
May 1968 in France: Connexipedia Article
Article
May 1968, referring to the period when the events occurred in France, saw the largest general strike that ever stopped the economy of an advanced industrial country,[1] the first wildcat general strik...
Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike by Teamsters against most of the trucking companies operating in Minneapolis.
Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam: Connexipedia Article
Article
A large demonstration against the United States involvement in the Vietnam War that took place across the United States on October 15, 1969.
Mothers of the Disappeared
Fisher, Jo
Book
1990
This is the story of the mothers who risked their lives to demonstrate in the plazas by holding placards of the children they lost during the "guerra sucia" the dirty war fought in Argentina during th...
Murdochville Strike: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
On 10 March 1957 the 1000 workers of Gaspé Copper Mines, Murdochville, Qué, struck for the right to unionize. The conflict lasted 7 months and ended in defeat for the miners.
New Zealand waterfront dispute of 1951: Connexipedia Article
Article
The largest and most widespread industrial dispute in New Zealand history.
Newfoundland Loggers' Strike: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
The Newfoundland Loggers' Strike began 31 December 1958 when hundreds of loggers employed by Anglo-Newfoundland Development Co at Grand Falls struck for wage increases and for improvements in living c...
Nicaraguan Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
Encompasses the rising opposition to the Somoza dictatorship in the 1960s and 1970s.
Peace Movement (Canada): Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
Canada has a long tradition of an active and vocal peace movement. During the late 1950s and 1960s, concern over the dangers of atmospheric testing and the debate over the presence in Canada of nucle...
Politics and Memory in the Flint Sitdown Strikes: A comment on Historiography
Lichtenstein, Nelson
Article
1996
The General Motors strike of 1936-37 was the most important union victory of the 20th century, but the very meaning of its success was ambiguous indeed.
Prague Spring: Connexipedia Article
Article
A period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia in 1968.
Producers' strike at CBC/Société Radio-Canada: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
A strike by producers at Société Radio-Canada in Montréal in 1958-59.
Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization: Connexipedia Article
Article
A United States trade union which operated from 1968 until its decertification in 1981 following a strike which was broken by the Reagan Administration.
Protests of 1968: Connexipedia Article
Article
The Protests of 1968 consisted of a worldwide series of protests, largely led by students and workers.
Reesor Siding Strike of 1963: Connexipedia Article
Article
A labour conflict which resulted in the shooting of 11 union members.
Romanian Revolution of 1989: Connexipedia Article
Article
A week-long series of increasingly violent riots and fighting in late December 1989 that overthrew the Government of Nicolae Ceausescu.
Samizdat: Connexipedia Article
Article
A key form of dissident activity across the Soviet-bloc; individuals reproduced censored publications by hand and passed the documents from reader to reader, thus building a foundation for the success...
Saskatchewan Doctors' Strike: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
A strike against the introduction of medicare by Saskatchewan doctors in 1962.
Second-wave Feminism (USA): Connexipedia Article
Article
Period of feminist activity which began during the early 1960s and lasted throughout the late 1970s.
Selma to Montgomery marches: Connexipedia Article
Article
Three marches in 1965 that marked the culmination of the voting rights movement of the American civil rights movement.
Sexual revolution in 1960s America: Connexipedia Article
Article
Attitudes to a variety of issues changed, sometimes radically, throughout the decade. The urge to 'find oneself' the activsm of the 1960's and the quest for autonomy were characterised by the changes ...
SS Columbia Eagle incident: Connexipedia Article
Article
A mutiny that occurred aboard the American merchant vessel Columbia Eagle in March 1970 when crew members seized the vessel and sailed to Cambodia.
Steel strike of 1952: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike by the United Steelworkers of America against U.S. Steel and nine other steelmakers.
Stonewall riots: Connexipedia Article
Article
A series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn, in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of New Yo...
Strikes in South Korea 1996-1997: Connexipedia Article
Article
1996
In December 1996 and January 1997, South Korea experienced the largest organized strike in its history, when workers in the automotive and shipbuilding industries refused to work in protest against a ...
Student Power and the Canadian Campus
Reid, Tim; Reid, Julyan
Book
1969
A collection of articles about student activism in Canada in the lates 1960s.
Summer of Love: Connexipedia Article
Article
The summer of 1967, when as many as 100,000 people converged on the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco.
Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: Connexipedia Article
Article
A series of demonstrations in and near Tiananmen Square in Beijing in the PRC beginning on 14 April. Led mainly by students and intellectuals, the protests occurred in a year that saw the collapse of ...
Tlatelolco massacre: Connexipedia Article
Article
A government massacre of student and civilian protesters and bystanders that took place during the afternoon and night of October 2, 1968 in Mexico City.
UK miners' strike (1984 - 1985): Connexipedia Article
Article
1984
A major industrial action affecting the British coal industry.
Uprising of 1953 in East Germany: Connexipedia Article
Article
A widespread uprising against the Stalinist German Democratic Republic government.
Velvet Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
A non-violent revolution in Czechoslovakia that saw the overthrow of the Communist government in 1989.
Violence and the Newspaper Strike
Bernick, Thomas
Article
1997
To those who still allow their anti-union biases and their exposure to employer misinformation to cloud their perception of reality, I would pose the following question: If the employer and its suppor...
Vorkuta uprising: Connexipedia Article
Article
A major uprising of the concentration camp inmates in Vorkuta, Russia in July-August 1953.
Wapping dispute: Connexipedia Article
Article
A significant turning point in the history of the trade union movement and of UK industrial relations.
Winter of Discontent
Williams, Rick
Article
1990
Whole communities are being plunged into a poverty culture that is very difficult to escape.
Winter of Discontent: Connexipedia Article
Article
A term used to describe the British winter of 1978-1979, during which there were widespread strikes by local authority trade unions demanding larger pay raises for their members.

Connexions Directory of Groups & Websites

Connexions Archive & Library
The Connexions Archive & Library is Toronto-based project dedicated to keeping alive the rich history of grassroots movements for social justice. Connexions preserves 'alternative' histories that r...

Sources Library

Canadian Union of Students
Wikipedia article
Formed in 1963, the Canadian Union of Students (CUS) was the successor organization of the National Federation of Canadian University Students (NFCUS) formed in 1926. CUS like NFCUS was essentially a ...
Moncada Barracks
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
1953
The Moncada Barracks was a military barracks in Santiago de Cuba. On July 26, 1953, the barracks was the site of an armed attack by a small group of revolutionaries led by Fidel Castro.
1983 United States Senate bombing
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The 1983 U.S. Senate bombing was a bomb explosion at the United States Senate on November 7, 1983.
There Was a Country
A Personal History of Biafra
Achebe, Chinua
2012
A coming of age account, set against the backdrop of the Nigerian Civil War, or the Biafran War, of 1967-1970.