Events 1900-1949

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Adalen shootings: Connexipedia Article
Article
A series of events in and around the sawmill district of Ådalen, Kramfors Municipality, Ångermanland, Sweden, in May 1931 during which five persons were killed by Swedish military troops called in as ...
African Mine Workers' Strike of 1946: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike, by mine workers of Witwatersrand, which started on August 12, 1946 and lasted around 1 week. The strike was attacked by police and over the week, at least 1,248 workers were wounded and at l...
Arab Revolt (1916 - 1918): Connexipedia Article
Article
Was initiated by the Sherif Hussein ibn Ali with the aim of securing independence from the ruling Ottoman Turks and creating a single unified Arab state spanning from Aleppo in Syria to Aden in Yemen.
Arvida Strike: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
Began July 24, 1941 when some 700 workers in the Aluminium Co. of Canada (Alcan) in Arvida, Québec, spontaneously walked off the job.
Asbestos Strike: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
The Asbestos Strike of 1949, based in and around Asbestos, Quebec, Canada, was a four-month labour dispute by the asbestos miners.
Asbestos Strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
The Asbestos Strike of 1949, based in and around Asbestos, Quebec, Canada, was a four-month labour dispute by the asbestos miners.
Auto-Lite strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike against the Electric Auto-Lite company of Toledo, Ohio, from April 12 to June 3, 1934.
Banana massacre: Connexipedia Article
Article
Matanza de las bananeras or Masacre de las bananeras was a massacre of workers for the United Fruit Company that occurred on December 6, 1928 in the town of Ciénaga near Santa Marta, Colombia.
Battle of Ballantyne Pier: Connexipedia Article
Article
A clash between city, provincial, and federal police and Communist-led protesters on 18 June 1935 in the East End of Vancouver.
Battle of Blair Mountain: Connexipedia Article
Article
In 1921 between 10,000 and 15,000 coal miners confronted company-paid private detectives in an effort to unionize the southwestern West Virginia mine counties.
Battle of Matewan: Connexipedia Article
Article
A shootout in the coal company town of Matewan, West Virginia on May 19, 1920.
Battleship Potemkin: Connexipedia Article
Article
A Russian ship on which the crew rebelled against their oppressive officers in June 1905 (during the Russian Revolution of 1905).
Brisbane general strike of 1912: Connexipedia Article
Article
The 1912 Brisbane General Strike in Queensland, Australia, began when members of the Australian Tramway Employees Association were dismissed when they wore union badges to work.
British Columbia Woodworkers' Strike: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
15 May - 20 June 1946. Twenty-seven thousand workers in both the coast and interior regions, led by district president Harold Pritchett, struck when demands for a 25-cent hourly increase, a 40-hour we...
Cananea strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike took place in the Mexican mining town of Cananea, Sonora, in June 1906.
Cape Breton Strikes, 1920s: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
The Cape Breton labour wars of the early 1920s represented an intense local episode of class conflict. In such conflicts militant unions, often led by radical leaders, were attempting to change the ba...
Centralia Massacre: Connexipedia Article
Article
A violent and bloody incident that occurred in the town of Centralia, Washington on November 11, 1919 during a parade celebrating the first anniversary of Armistice Day.
The Christmas Eve Calumet massacre, 1913
Article
A short history of the biggest mass murder in Michigan history: the massacre of 73 people, mostly the children of striking miners at a Christmas party on Christmas Eve in 1913.
Coal Strike of 1902: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike by the United Mine Workers of America in the anthracite coal fields of eastern Pennsylvania.
Colorado Labor Wars: Connexipedia Article
Article
Colorado's most significant battles between labor and capital which occurred primarily between miners and mine operators.
Columbine Mine massacre: Connexipedia Article
Article
A conflict in which police and mine guards attacked striking coal miners with machine guns.
Copperbelt strike of 1935: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike action which performed by African mineworkers in the Copperbelt (then in Northern Rhodesia, today called Zambia) to protest against unfair taxes imposed by the British colonial authorities.
Crowsnest Pass Strike, 1932: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
A strike that began in January 1932 with demands that companies divide available work in the depressed coal-mining industry equally among miners rather than playing favourites. Coal companies refused ...
Cry for "Bread & Roses" Still Resonates: 100 Years After the Lawrence Strike
Early, Steve
Article
2012
When worker solidarity prevailed over corporate power in the icy streets of Lawrence a century ago, it made the promise of a better life real for many. The Bread and Roses strike became a consciousnes...
Dublin Lockout: Connexipedia Article
Article
a major industrial dispute between approximately 20,000 workers and 300 employers which took place in Ireland's capital city of Dublin from 26 August 1913 to 18 January 1914.
The East York Workers' Association: A Response to the Great Depression
Schulz, Patricia V.
Book
1975
An account of the activity of relief recipients in the township of East York, an eastern suburb of Toronto, in the 1930s.
Easter Rising: Connexipedia Article
Article
An insurrection staged in Ireland during Easter Week, 1916.
Estevan Coal Miners' Strike, 1931: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
A strike which led to the murder of three miners by the RCMP.
Expulsion of Germans after World War II: Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
By the end of World War II, most of the German population fled or was expelled from areas outside the territory of post-war Germany and post-war Austria,
February Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
Was the first of two revolutions in Russia in 1917.
February strike (The Netherlands): Connexipedia Article
Article
A general strike organized during World War II in The Netherlands against the anti-Jewish measures and activities by the Nazis.
Flint and the Rewriting of History
Dollinger, Sol
Article
1996
The 1937 sitdown strikes were a thunderbolt shattering minimal labor-management relations. The victory of the Flint auto workers heralded the most profound social changes in the United States since th...
Flint Sit-Down Strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
Changed the United Automobile Workers from a collection of isolated locals on the fringes of the industry into a major union and led to the unionization of the United States automobile industry.
Fort William Freight Handlers Strike: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
A strike by 700 non-unionized immigrants in August 1909 that was defeated by the use of militia and the RCMP and resulted in the firing of hundreds of workers.
Fraser River Fishermen's Strikes: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
A strikes by whites, natives and Japanese fishermen against salmon canneries that lined the lower Fraser River.
Fraser River Railway Strikes: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
Strikes which started in March 1912 when railway workers organized by the Industrial Workers of the World walked out of construction camps on the Canadian Northern line to protest conditions.
French Army Mutinies (1917): Connexipedia Article
Article
Involved nearly half of the French infantry divisions stationed on the western front.
German resistance: Connexipedia Article
Article
The opposition by individuals and groups in Nazi Germany to the regime of Adolf Hitler between 1933 and 1945.
Grabow Riot: Connexipedia Article
Article
A confrontation between timber workers and owners in Louisiana.
Great Strike of 1913: Connexipedia Article
Article
A near general strike that took place in New Zealand in 1913.
The Greek Civil War
Website
Documents on the Greek Civil War 1946-1949.
Green Corn Rebellion: Connexipedia Article
Article
Popular uprising against military conscription by poor farmers in Oklahoma aligned with the Socialist Party of America.
Herrin massacre: Connexipedia Article
Article
Occurred in June 1922 in Herrin, Illinois where 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners were killed in mob action between June 21-22, 1922.
Indianapolis Street Car Strike of 1913: Connexipedia Article
Article
The Indianapolis Street Car Strike of 1913, the Indianapolis Police Mutiny of 1913, and the 1913 Indianapolis Riots began as a workers strike by the union employees of the Indianapolis Traction and Te...
International Women's Day: Connexipedia Article
Article
Marked on March 8 every year. It is a major day of global celebration for the economic, political and social achievements of women.
Invergordon Mutiny: Connexipedia Article
Article
An industrial action by sailors in the British Atlantic Fleet that took place in September 1931. For two days, ships of the Royal Navy at Invergordon were in open mutiny.
Irish War of Independence: Connexipedia Article
Article
A guerrilla war mounted against the British government in Ireland by the Irish Republican Army.
Journey of Reconciliation: Connexipedia Article
Article
An attempt in 1947 to challenge segregation laws on interstate buses in the Southern United States, through non-violent direct action.
Kiel Naval Mutiny (Wilhelmshaven mutiny): Connexipedia Article
Article
A major mutiny by sailors of the German High Seas Fleet in October 1918.
Kronstadt rebellion: Connexipedia Article
Article
An uprising of Soviet sailors, soldiers and civilians against the Bolshevik government in 1921.
Lawrence textile strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike of immigrant workers in Lawrence, Massachusetts in 1912 led by the Industrial Workers of the World. The strike is often known as the "Bread and Roses" strike, or, "The Strike for Three Loaves...
The Lessons of October
Trotsky, Leon
Article
1924
Loray Mill Strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
One of the best known labor strikes in the history of the United States.
Ludlow massacre: Connexipedia Article
Article
The violent deaths of 20 people, 11 of them children, during an attack by the Colorado National Guard on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado on April 20,...
Lupeni Strike of 1929: Connexipedia Article
Article
Near the end of 1928, miners' leaders in the Jiu Valley had begun agitating for an extension of their collective work contract.The two sides could not reach an agreement. A trial, and then a strike en...
Maji Maji Rebellion: Connexipedia Article
Article
A violent African resistance to colonial rule in the German colony of Tanganyika.
Miramichi Lumber Strike: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
The Miramichi Lumber Strike began 20 August 1937 when 1500 millworkers and longshoremen along the Miramichi River in northern New Brunswick struck 14 lumber firms for increased wages, shorter working ...
Non-cooperation movement: Connexipedia Article
Article
A series of nationwide people's movements of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience, led by Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress.
Norwegian resistance movement: Connexipedia Article
Article
Resistance to the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany.
The Oakland General Strike of 1946
Weir, Stan
Article
An account of the General Strike in Oakland, California.
October Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
The October Revolution, also known as the Soviet Revolution or Bolshevik Revolution, was a political revolution and a part of the Russian Revolution.
On-to-Ottawa Trek: Connexipedia Article
Article
A 1935 social movement of unemployed men protesting the dismal conditions in federal relief camps scattered in remote areas across Western Canada.
One Big Union: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
In 1919 delegates from most union locals in western Canada met at the Western Labour Conference in Calgary and proclaimed support for the Bolshevik and other left-wing revolutions. They decided to con...
Oshawa Strike 1937: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
In 1937, more than 4000 workers if General Motors plant in Oshawa, Ontario, went on strike to fight for better wages and working conditions.
Palestinian general strike 1936: Connexipedia Article
Article
Part of the 1936-1939 Arab revolt in Palestine.
Pilbara strike of 1946: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike by Indigenous Australian pastoral workers in the Pilbara region of Western Australia for human rights recognition and payment of fair wages and working conditions.
Port Chicago mutiny: Connexipedia Article
Article
A refusal by servicemen to load munitions in 1944 in the face of unsafe working conditions which had led to an explosion the previous month in which 320 sailors had been killed.
Post-World War II demobilization strikes: Connexipedia Article
Article
Strikes within Allied military forces stationed across the Middle East, India and South-East Asia in the months and years following World War II.
Remington Rand strike of 1936-1937: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike against the Remington Rand company.
Rescue of the Danish Jews: Connexipedia Article
Article
When Hitler ordered that Danish Jews be arrested and deported on 1-2 October 1943, many Danes took part in a collective effort to evacuate the roughly 8,000 Jews of Denmark by sea to nearby neutral Sw...
Rothbury Riot: Connexipedia Article
Article
An incident in which police shot into a crowd of locked-out miners in the New South Wales.
Royal Indian Navy Mutiny: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike and mutiny by Indian sailors of the Royal Indian Navy on board ship and shore establishments at Bombay (Mumbai) harbour in 1946.
Russian Revolution of 1905: Connexipedia Article
Article
A wave of mass political unrest through vast areas of the Russian Empire.
Russian Revolution of October 1917
Website
Eye-Witness reports and analyses of the Revolution by its participants and links to historical documents.
Satyagraha: Connexipedia Article
Article
A campaign of nonviolent protest against the British in colonial India in 1930.
Seattle General Strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
A general work stoppage by over 65,000 workers in the U.S. city of Seattle, Washington in 1919.
Spanish Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
A workers' social revolution that began during the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
Spanish Revolution 1934 - 1939 - History
Article
Documents on the history of the Spanish Revolution and Civil War.
Textile workers strike (1934): Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike involving 400,000 textile workers from New England, the Mid-Atlantic states and the U.S. Southern states.
Twentieth convoy: Connexipedia Article
Article
Transport 20 (XXth convoy) was a Jewish prisoner transport in Belgium organized by the Nazi Germany during World War II. Members of the Belgian Resistance freed Jewish and Gypsy civilians who were bei...
United Kingdom general strike of 1926: Connexipedia Article
Article
The 1926 General Strike in the United Kingdom was a general strike called by the General Council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) in an unsuccessful attempt to force the government to act to prevent...
Vancouver general strike of 1918: Connexipedia Article
Article
The first general strike in Canadian history, held 2 August 1918, organized as a one-day political protest against the killing of draft evader and labour activist Albert "Ginger" Goodwin, who had call...
Vancouver Island Coal Strike: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
A strike that began in September 1912 when miners at declared a holiday to protest the firing of a worker.
Waihi miners' strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
A major strike action in 1912 by gold miners in the New Zealand town of Waihi.
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: Connexipedia Article
Article
The Jewish resistance that arose within the Warsaw Ghetto in German occupied Poland during World War II, and which opposed Nazi Germany's effort to transport the remaining ghetto population to Treblin...
Warsaw Uprising: Connexipedia Article
Article
A struggle by the Polish Home Army to liberate Warsaw from Nazi German occupation during World War II.
West Coast Longshore Strikes, 1923 and 1935: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
Strikes by members of the International Longshoremen's Association.
West Coast waterfront strike 1934: Connexipedia Article
Article
The 1934 West Coast Longshoremen's Strike lasted eighty-three days, triggered by sailors and a four-day general strike in San Francisco, and led to the unionization of all of the West Coast ports of t...
West Virginia Mine War of 1912-1913: Connexipedia Article
Article
A confrontation between striking coal miners and coal operators in Southern West Virginia
Westmoreland County Coal Strike of 1910 - 1911: Connexipedia Article
Article
A strike by coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers of America, is also known as the "Slovak strike" because about 70 percent of the miners were Slovakian immigrants.
Windsor Strike 1945: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
Windsor Strike, 12 Sept-20 Dec 1945, at the WINDSOR, Ont, plant of Ford Motor Co. There was really only one strike issue at Ford: union recognition. The united automobile workers demanded it; the comp...
Winnipeg General Strike: Connexipedia Article
Article
The Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 was one of the most influential strikes in Canadian history, and became the platform for future labour reforms. In March 1919 labour delegates from across Western C...
Winnipeg General Strike: Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
Article
In Winnipeg on May 15, when negotiations broke down between management and labour in the building and metal trades, the Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council called a general strike.
Yugoslav Partisans: Connexipedia Article
Article
A Communist-led World War II resistance movement engaged in the fight against Axis forces and their collaborators in Yugoslavia from 1941-1945.

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Open Music Archive
The Open Music Archive is situated within the current discourse surrounding notions of authorship, ownership and distribution, reanimated by a porting of Free/Libre and Open Source software models to wider creative contexts. The O...

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Bonus Army
Connexipedia Article
1932
The Bonus Army was the popular name of an assemblage of some 43,000 marchers—17,000 World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups—who gathered in Washington, D.C., in the spring and summ...
1919 United States anarchist bombings
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The 1919 United States anarchist bombings were a series of bombings and attempted bombings carried out by anarchist followers of Luigi Galleani from April through June 1919. These bombings fueled the ...

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