European History

Below are groups and resources (books, articles, websites, etc.) related to this topic. Click on an item’s title to go its resource page with author, publisher, description/abstract and other details, a link to the full text if available, as well as links to related topics in the Subject Index. You can also browse the Title, Author, Subject, Chronological, Dewey, LoC, and Format indexes, or use the Search box.
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Connexions Library

The Age of Empire 1875 - 1914
Hobsbawm, E.J.
Book
1987
Covers the rise of bourgeois society, the growth of free market capitalism and the expansion of European colonialism abroad.
Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914 - 1991
Hobsbawm, Eric
Book
1994
A overview of the history of the years 1914 - 1991.
The Age of Permanent Revolution: A Trotsky Anthology
Deutscher, Isaac
Book
A collection of writings by Leon Trotsky.
At the Lenin Shipyards: Poland and the Rise of the Solidarity Trade Union
Persky, Stan
Book
1981
A first-hand account of the rise of the Solidarity trade union in Poland.
Christopher Who? -- Discovering the Americas
McKenna, Paul; Taylor, Norman
Article
1990
Columbus seen as a conqueror.
The Civil War in France
Marx, Karl
Book
1871
Written by Karl Marx as an address to the General Council of the International, with the aim of distributing to workers of all countries a clear understanding of the character and world-wide significa...
Connexions Library: Europe Focus
Website
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on Europe.
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte
Marx, Karl
Book
1852
Marx wrote The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon between December 1851 and March 1852. The "Eighteenth Brumaire" refers to November 9, 1799 in the French Revolutionary Calendar -- the day the fir...
Eurocentrism
Amin, Samir
Book
Amin argues that Eurocentrism is an ideological distortion, a myth and historical fallacy and argues for a new social, economic, cultural and political system based on socialist universalism.
Expulsion of Germans after World War II: Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
By the end of World War II, most of the German population fled or was expelled from areas outside the territory of post-war Germany and post-war Austria,
The Expulsion of the Germans
Zayas, Alfred de
Article
1999
If the conscience of men ever again becomes sensitive, these expulsions will be remembered to the undying shame of all who committed or connived them... The Germans were expelled, not just with an abs...
Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe
Naimark, Norman M.
Book
2002
A history of genocide, ethnic cleansing and forced deportation of ethnic groups in the 20th century.
1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus
Mann, Charles. C.
Book
2005
A portrait of human life in the Americas before the arrival of Columbus.
French Army Mutinies (1917): Connexipedia Article
Article
Involved nearly half of the French infantry divisions stationed on the western front.
French Revolution of 1848: Connexipedia Article
Article
One of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe.
Gedenkstatte Deutscher Widerstand: Exhbition Resistance to National Socialsim
Steinbach, Peter
Book
1993
A thorough and chronological account of the many forms of resistance to Nazism in Germany.
German Revolution of 1918-19: Connexipedia Article
Article
The politically-driven civil conflict in Germany at the end of World War I.
Germany and European Civilization
James, C.L.R. (writing as J.R. Johnson)
Article
1944
From at least the time of the publication of Capital to the present day, all political and social thought, particularly in Europe, have revolved around the ideas of Marxism. And these ideas were nouri...
The Great Transformation: The political and economic origins of our time
Polanyi, Karl
Book
1944
Polanyi analyzes the social and political upheavals that took place in England during the rise of the market economy. Polanyi contends that the modern market economy and the modern nation-state should...
A Green History of the World: The Environment and the Collapse of Great Civilizations
Ponting, Clive
Book
1991
Ponting tracks the "green" history of the world showing how throughout history civilizations have collapsed when they exhausted the earth's natural resources.
Hamburg at the Barricades
Reissner, Larissa
Book
1925
Articles by the revolutionary journaliist Larissa Reissner, covering the Hamburg uprising of 1923 and the life and times for Germany in the years 1923-1925.
Hungarian Revolution of 1848: Connexipedia Article
Article
One of many revolutions that year and closely linked to other revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas.
Hungarian Revolution of 1956: Connexipedia Article
Article
A spontaneous nationwide revolt against the Stalinist government of the People's Republic of Hungary.
Hungary 56
Anderson, Andy
Book
1964
The Hungarian Revolution was far more than a national uprising or than an attempt to change one set of rulers for another. It was a social revolution in the fullest sense of the term.
Irish War of Independence: Connexipedia Article
Article
A guerrilla war mounted against the British government in Ireland by the Irish Republican Army.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume I: State and Bureaucracy
Draper, Hal
Book
1977
A wide-ranging and thorough exposition of Marx's views on democracy.
Kiel Naval Mutiny (Wilhelmshaven mutiny): Connexipedia Article
Article
A major mutiny by sailors of the German High Seas Fleet in October 1918.
The Macmillian Atlas of Irish History
Duffy, Sean (ed.)
Book
1997
A full-colour atlas of Irish history.
A Marxist History of the World part 29: The peculiarity of Europe: e
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
Why Europe? Why was it that the second great transformation in human existence - the development of capitalism and industrial society - was pioneered on the western edge of the Eurasian land-mass?
A Marxist History of the World part 35: The new colonialism
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
The Portuguese and Spanish overseas empires founded at the beginning of the 16th century were soon followed by Dutch, English, and French empires. Neil Faulkner looks at how the transformation of the ...
A Marxist History of the World part 38: The Dutch Revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
For more than 40 years, with wildly fluctuating fortunes, the Dutch Revolution of 1566-1609 took the form of a protracted popular war of national defence against the Spanish Empire.
A Marxist History of the World part 39: The Thirty Years War
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
Between 1618 and 1648 Germany was wrecked by insecurity, depopulation, disruption to trade, the destruction of property, and military plundering. Neil Faulkner looks at The Thirty Years War.
A Marxist History of the World part 52: The 1848 Revolutions
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
Even when progress is reversed, some hard-won gains are permanent. Neil Faulkner examines how the counter-revolution in 1848 failed to entirely turn the clock back.
A Marxist History of the World part 59: The Franco-Prussian War
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
In this week's chapter of the Marxist History series Neil Faulkner looks at how Germany’s ruling elite brought about a bourgeois revolution ‘from above’.
A Marxist History of the World part 61: The Long Depression, 1873-1896
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
Neil Faulkner writes about the The Long Depression – an unprecedented economic slump which started the countdown to the First World War.
A Marxist History of the World part 67: Reform or Revolution?
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
The world Socialist movement was blown apart as its members supported the First World War. Neil Faulkner looks at how the question of reform or revolution lay behind the split.
A Marxist History of the World part 68: 1914: descent into barbarism
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
In the summer of 1914 capitalism tipped humanity into an abyss of barbarism that would leave millions dead. Neil Faulkner looks at the First World War.
A Marxist History of the World part 70: 1917: the February Revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
As WWI turned into a protracted, bloody struggle the initial enthusiasm gave way to growing class tensions which exploded first in Russia's February Revolution.
A Marxist History of the World part 75: The German Revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
At the end of the First World War, the epicentre of revolution moved from Petrograd to Berlin. Why did the German communists fail where the Bolsheviks had succeded?
May 1968 in France: Connexipedia Article
Article
May 1968, referring to the period when the events occurred in France, saw the largest general strike that ever stopped the economy of an advanced industrial country,[1] the first wildcat general strik...
The New-Old World
Anderson, Perry
Book
2009
Perry Anderson presents an analysis of Europe's development since the end of the Cold War. In his analysis, Anderson cuts through some myths about continental Europe and the European Union.
The Peasant War in Germany
Engels, Friedrich
Book
1850
The Peasant War in Germany was the first history book to assert that the real motivating force behind the Reformation and 16th-century peasant war was socio-economic (class conflict) rather than "mere...
A People's History of the World: From the Stone Age to the New Millennium
Harman, Chris
Book
1999
Harman describes the shape and course of human history as a narrative of ordinary people forming and re-forming complex societies in pursuit of common human goals.
Pocket History of the British Working Class
Postgate, Raymond
Book
1942
A brief history of the British working class.
Popular revolt in late medieval Europe: Connexipedia Article
Article
Popular revolts in late medieval Europe were uprisings and rebellions by (typically) peasants in the countryside, or the bourgeois in towns, against nobles, abbots and kings during the upheavals of th...
Prague Spring: Connexipedia Article
Article
A period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia in 1968.
Responsibility and Judgment
Arendt, Hannah
Book
Rethinking The Idea Of 'Christian Europe'
Malik, Kenan
Article
2011
Looking to the traditional, moral and identity platform of Christianity in Europe.
Revolutions of 1848: Connexipedia Article
Article
A series of political upheavals throughout the European continent. Described by some historians as a revolutionary wave, the period of unrest began in France and then, further propelled by the French ...
Revolutions of 1848 in the German states: Connexipedia Article
Article
"Germany" at the time of the Revolutions of 1848 was a collection of 39 states loosely bound together in the German Confederation. As nationalist sentiment crystallized into resistance to the traditio...
Romanian Revolution of 1989: Connexipedia Article
Article
A week-long series of increasingly violent riots and fighting in late December 1989 that overthrew the Government of Nicolae Ceausescu.
Seeds of Fire: A People's Chronology
Diemer, Ulli
Article
2012
Recalling events that happened on this day in history. Memories of struggle, resistance and persistence.
Social Democracy and the Paradox of the Vanguard: Rudolf Hilferding's Odyssey
Smaldone, William
Article
1998
THE NAZI SEIZURE of power in the winter of 1933 marked the total failure of the reformist project of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) and brought about the party's virtual destruction. From ex...
The Socialist Register 1966: Volume 3: A Survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1966
Spanish Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
A workers' social revolution that began during the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
A Terrible Revenge: The Ethnic Cleansing of the East European Germans, 1944-1950
Zayas, Alfred-Maurice de
Book
1994
About the expulsion of Germans after World War II.
This Rough Game: Fascism and Anti-Fascism
Renton, David
Book
2001
Renton describes the rise of European Fascism, the condition of Weimar Germany, British fascism, Battle of Cable Street and Hitler's life.
U.S. Labor's Subterranean Fire: Against The Current vol. 131
Post, Charlie
Article
2007
The broad outlines of the crisis of the U.S. labor movement -— sharply declining union density, concession bargaining, failures to organize the growing non-union manufacturing and service sectors, the...
Velvet Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
A non-violent revolution in Czechoslovakia that saw the overthrow of the Communist government in 1989.
Victims of the European revolutions
Djuric, Rajko
Article
1991
European gypsy communities have historically been, and remain, the most marginalized social group.
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: Connexipedia Article
Article
The Jewish resistance that arose within the Warsaw Ghetto in German occupied Poland during World War II, and which opposed Nazi Germany's effort to transport the remaining ghetto population to Treblin...
Warsaw Uprising: Connexipedia Article
Article
A struggle by the Polish Home Army to liberate Warsaw from Nazi German occupation during World War II.

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

Sources Library

Judt, Tony
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Tony Robert Judt was a British historian, essayist, and university professor.
The Oxford History of Modern War
Townshend, Charles
1997
The book is a military history, principally from the defeat of the Ottoman besiegers of Vienna in 1683.