The Origins of the Union Shop

Wetzel, Tom
http://www.uncanny.net/~wetzel/unionshop.htm

Publisher:  Ideas & Action
Year Published:  1989   First Published:  1986
Resource Type:  Article
Cx Number:  CX9141

Though the typical union contract nowadays contains some sort of union shop provision, union membership was voluntary under almost all CIO contracts prior to 1942. The dues "check off" was virtually unknown in the late '30s and dues were collected on the shop floor by shop stewards and committeemen.

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