Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution
Volume III: The Dictatorship of the Proletariat

Draper, Hal
Publisher:  Monthly Review Press, New York, USA
Year Published:  1986  
Pages:  462pp   ISBN:  0-85345-674-7(Vol.3)
Library of Congress Number:  JC233.M299D7   Dewey:  301.5'92
Resource Type:  Book
Cx Number:  CX8208

Hal Draper examines how Marx and Marxism dealt with the issue of dictatorship in relation to the revolutionary use of force and repression, particularly as this debate has centered on the use of the term "dictatorship of the proletariat." Draper strips away the layers of misinterpretation and misinformation that have accumulated over the years to show what Marx and Engels themselves meant by the term.

Abstract: 
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Table of Contents

Foreword

PART I: DICTATORSHIP:
ITS MEANING IN 1850

1. From Rome to Robespierre
1. The Roman Dictatura (12) 2. Survival of the Dictatura (13) 3. Early Allusions (16) 4. The Great French Revolution (18) 5. Marat and Dictatorship (22) 6. The "Terrible Use" (25)

2. Socialism and Dictatorship: The Beginning
1. Testimony of Words (28) 2. The Beginning: Babeuf and Buonarroti (29) 3. The Blanquist Myth (34) 4. Utopians and Dictators (39) 5. Dezamy, Morrison, and Young Engels (42)

3. Dictatorship in 1848
1. Even Louis Blanc . . . (45) 2. The Cavaignac Dictatorship (48) 3. Cavaignac as Prelude (51) 4. Weitling and Dictatorship (53) 5. Bakunin and Dictatorship in 1848 (55)

4. The Dictatorship of the Democracy: Marx in 1848
1. The Case of Proudhon (58) 2. Toward the Rule of the De-mocracy (59) 3. What Marx Proposed (61) 4. Dictatorial Measures (65)

5. The "Dictatorship of the People": Conservative Version
1. "Popular Despotism" and Guizot (68) 2. The "Fearful Word" of Donoso Cortés (70) 3. Stein's "Social Dictatorship" (71)

PART II:
THE TERM 'DICTATORSHIP'
IN MARX AND ENGELS

6. The Spectrum of'Dictatorship'
1. 'Despotism' and 'Class Despotism' (77) 2. The Dim Side of the Spectrum (80) 3. Military Dictators and Dictatorships (82) 4. Some Nondictatorial Dictators (84) 5. The "Dictators" of the Democracy (88)

7. Some Dictators over the Proletariat
1. Bakunin and the "Secret Dictatorship" of Anarchy (93) 2. Marx on Bakunin's Dictatorship (96) 3. Lassalle as "Workers' Dictator" (98) 4. The Apprentice Dictators (101) 5. A Clutch of Dictators (104)

PART III:
PRELIMINARIES:
THE "MARX-BLANQUIST" MYTH

8. Introduction to the Investigation
1. Periodization (111) 2. The 'Rule of the Proletariat' (112) 3. The Concept of Class Rule (115) 4. The Word in 1850: Cabet Again (117)

9. Marx and Blanqui
1. Marx and Babouvism (120) 2. The Blanquist Tendency (124) 3. Marx and Blanqui: The Revolutionary (127) 4. Marx and Blanqui: The Defense Movement (131) 5. Marx and Blanqui: Personal Relations (133) 6. Marx and Blanqui: The United Front (140)

10. Marx Versus Blanquism
1. Early Years (145) 2. Lessons of the Brussels Period (148) 3. The Question of Allies in the Manifesto (150) 4. Revolution and Restraint (153) 5. Retrospection in the Fifties (158) 6. Marx's 1850 Attack on Blanquism (160) 7. The Rest of 1850 (163) 8. Through the Fifties (168)

PART IV:
'DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT'
IN MARX AND ENGELS

11. Marx's Class Struggles in France
1. 'Dictatorship' Times Five (175) 2. Locus 1: Three Passages (178) 3. Blanqui as Bogey (181)

12. The SUCR Episode
1. Locus 2: The SUCR Statutes and the Signers (184) 2. The Blanquist Refugees and the "Alliance" (188) 3. Why SUCR Collapsed (193) 4. The Trouble with Nicolaievsky's Fabulation (199) 5. The Simple Solution (206) 6. Our Central Thesis (211)

13. Reverberations in 1850: The NDZ Exchange
1. "Proletarian Ascendancy" (214) 2. Otto Liming and the NDZ (216) 3. Liming Lifts a Lance (219) 4. Locus 3: Liming Versus Marx (220) 5. Marx's Equation (224)

14. More Reverberations
1. Miquel's "Dictatorship" (227) 2. Enter Hooligan, Raving (229) 3. Willich's "Dictatorship" (232) 4. Techow's "Dictatorship" (236) 5. Eccarius, the "Vrai Peuple," and a Near-Locus (238)

15. From Weydemeyer to Vogt
1. Introducing Weydemeyer (242) 2. Weydemeyer's Article on "Dictatorship" (244) 3. Locus 4: Marx's Letter (246) 4. Echo in Hen Vogt (248) 5. More Echoes (251)

16. The Many Dictatorships of Moses Hess
1. Introducing Hess (253) 2. Lassalle as Hess' Dictator (256) 3. Messianic Interlude (259) 4. Hess in the International (260)

17. The Second Period of the 'Dictatorship of the Proletariat'
1. Marx Versus Blanquism-Continued (264) 2. The Paris Commune (269) 3. Blanquists in the Commune (274)

18. Marx and the Blanquists After the Commune
1. The Blanquists and the International (279) 2. Marx and the Emigres (280) 3. The Blanquist Split (282) 4. The New Blanquist Formulations (284) 5. Delahaye's Formulation (286)

19. Marx and Engels in the Second Period
1. The Case of Vermersch (289) 2. Locus 5: Marx's Banquet Speech (292) 3. Locus 6: Marx on Political Indifference (295) 4. Locus 7: Engels on the Housing Question (296) 5. Marx's Notes on Bakunin's Book (298) 6. Locus 8: Engels on the Blanquist Refugees (302) 7. Locus 9: Marx on the Gotha Program (303)

20. The Third Period of the 'Dictatorship of the Proletariat'
l. Lafargue's Landmark (307) 2. Locus 10: Engels' Letter to Schmidt (309) 3. Second Round on the Gotha Program (310) 4. Rumpus in the Reichstag (312) 5. Locus 11: Engels on the Paris Commune (315) 6. Locus 12: Engels on the Erfurt Program (317) 7. Engels' Talk with Voden on Plekhanov (323)

SPECIAL NOTES

A. Marxologists at Work
1. Surveys (329) 2. Marxological Mentions (332)

B. Fabrication of a Fable: The "Marx-Blanquist" Myth
1. Bernstein's Case (338) 2. Lichtheim's Putsch Against Marx (343) 3. Decrying Wolfe (347) 4. Tarradiddles and Sciolists (353) 5. The Case of Ernst Schraepler (357)

C. The Meaning of 'Terror' and 'Terrorism'
1. Marx on the Jacobin Terror (361) 2. Marx on 'Revolutionary Terrorism' (367) 3. 'Terrorism' After 1848 (371)

D. Ghosts, Goblins, and Garbles
1. Ghost-Locus: Feuer out of Mayer (375) 2. Ghost-Locus: Iring Fetscher (377) 3. Ghost-Locus: Georges Gurvitch (378) 4. Ghost-Locus: Easton-Guddat (378) 5. The Goblins of Locus 1c (379) 6. The Miquel Goblin (380) 7. Ectoplasmic Quotes: Dommanget (381) 8. Questions about MECW Translations (383)

E. Marx-Engels Loci: Summary List

Reference Notes
Bibliography (Works Cited)
Index



Subject Headings