Marx's Theory of Alienation

Meszaros, Istvan

Publisher:  Merlin Press, London, United Kingdom
Year Published:  1970  
Pages:  356pp  
Dewey:  301.62
Resource Type:  Book
Cx Number:  CX6423

Meszaros provides a comprehensive treatment of Marx's theory of alienation by surveying Marx's work as a whole. In doing so, he argues against the commonly held distinction between a young philosophically-oriented Marx and a mature economics-oriented Marx.


Table of Contents


Part 1: Origins and Structure of the Marxian Theory

1. Origins of the Concept of Alienation
i) The Judeo-Christian Approach
ii) Alienation as "Universal Saleability"
iii) Historicity and the Rise of Anthropology
iv) The End of "Uncritical Positivism"

2. Genesis of Marx's Theory of Alienation
i) Marx's Doctoral Thesis and His Critique of the Modern State
ii) The Jewish Question and the Problem of German Emancipation
iii) Marx's Encounter with Political Economy
iv) Monistic Materialism
v) The Transformation Hegel's Idea of "Activity"

3. Conceptual Structure of Marx's Theory of Alienation
i) Foundations of the Marxian System
ii) Conceptual Framework of Marx's Theory of Alienation
iii) Alienation and Teleology

Part 2: Aspects of Alienation

4. Economic Aspects
i) Marx's Critique of Political Economy
ii) From Partial to Universal Alienation
iii) From Political to Economic Alienation
iv) Division and Alienation of Labour; Competition and Reification
v) Alienated Labour and "Human Nature"

5. Political Aspects
i) Property Relations
ii) Capitalistic Objectification and Freedom
iii) Political "Negation of the Negation" and Emancipation

6. Ontological and Moral Aspects
i) The "Self-mediating Being of Nature"
ii) The Limits of Freedom
iii) Human Attributes
iv) The Alienation of Human Powers
v) Means and Ends, Necessity and Freedom: the Practical Programme of Human Emancipation
vi) Legality, Morality and Education

7. Aesthetic Aspects
i) Meaning, Value and Need: an Anthropomorphic Framework of Evaluation
ii) Marx's Concept of Realism
iii) The "Emancipation of the Human Senses"
iv) Production and Consumption and Their Relation to Art
v) The Significance of Aesthetic Education

Part 3: Contemporary Significance of Marx's Theory of Alienation

8. The Controversy About Marx
i) "Young Marx" versus "Mature Marx"
ii) "Philosophy" versus "Political Economy"
iii) Marx's Intellectual Development
iv) Theory of Alienation and Philosophy of History

9. Individual and Society
i) Capitalist Development and the Cult of the Individual
ii) Individual and Collectivity
iii) Self-mediation of the Social Individual

10. Alienation and the Crisis of Education
i) Educational Utopias
ii) The Crisis of Education


Subject Headings