Main Currents of Marxism
Volume 2: The Golden Age

Kolakowski, Leszek
Publisher:  Oxford University Press
Year Published:  1978  
Pages:  542pp   ISBN:  0-19-285108-X
Library of Congress Number:  HX21 78-40247   Dewey:  335.4'09'034
Resource Type:  Book
Cx Number:  CX6361

Kolakowski examines the theories of the leading Marxists, and the controversies between them, in the era of the Second International.

Abstract: 
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Table of Contents

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

I. MARXISM AND THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL

II. GERMAN ORTHODOXY: KARL KAUTSKY
1. Life and writings
2. Nature and society
3. Consciousness and the development of society
4. Revolution and socialism
5. Critique of Leninism
6. Inconsistencies in Kautsky's philosophy
7. A note on Mehring

III. ROSA LUXEMBURG AND THE REVOLUTIONARY LEFT
1. Biographical information
2. The theory of accumulation and the inevitable collapse of capitalism
3. Reform and revolution
4. The consciousness of the proletariat and forms of political organization
5. The national question

IV. BERNSTEIN AND REVISIONISM
1. The concept of revisionism
2. Biographical information
3. The laws of history and the dialectic
4. The revolution and the 'ultimate goal'
5. The significance of revisionism

V. JEAN JAURES: MARXISM AS A SOTERIOLOGY
1. Jaures as a conciliator
2. Biographical outline
3. The metaphysics of universal unity
4. The directing forces of history
5. Socialism and the republic
6. Jaures's Marxism

VI. PAUL LAGARGUE: A HEDONIST MARXISM

VII. GEORGES SOREL: A JANSENIST MARXISM
1. The place of Sorel
2. Biographical outline
3. Rationalism versus history. Utopia and myth. Criticism of the Enlightenment
4. Ricorsi. Theseparation of classes and the discontinuity of culture
5. Moral revolution and historical necessity
6. Marxism, anarchism, Fascism

VIII. ANTONIO LABRIOLA: AN ATTEMPT AT AN OPEN ORTHODOXY
1. Labriola's style
2. Biographical note
3. Early writings
4. Philosophy of history

IX. LUDWIK KRZYWICKI: MARXISM AS AN INSTRUMENT OF SOCIOLOGY
1. Biographical note
2. Critique of the biological theory of society
3. Prospects of socialism
4. Mind and production. Tradition and change

X. KAZIMIERZ KELLES-KRAUZ:A POLISH BRAND OF ORTHODOXY

XI. STANISLAW BRZOZOWSKI: MARXISM AS HISTORICAL SUBJECTIVISM
1. Biographical note
2. Philosophical development
3. The philosophy of labour
4. Socialism, the proletariat, and the nation
5. Brzozowski's Marxism

XII. AUSTRO-MARXISTS, KANTIANS IN THE MARXIST MOVEMENT, ETHICAL SOCIALISM
1. The concept of Austro-Marxism
2. The revival of Kantianism
3. Ethical socialism
4. Kantianism in Marxism
5. The Austro-Marxists: biographical information
6. Adler: the transcendental foundation of the social sciences
7. Adler's critique of materialism and the dialectic
8. Adler: Consciousness and social being
9. What is and what ought to be
10. The state, democracy, and dictatorship
11. The future of religion
12. Bauer: The theory of the nation
13. Hilferding: the controversy on the theory of value
14. Hilferding: the theory of imperialism

XIII. THE BEGINNINGS OF RUSSIAN MARXISM
1. Intellectual movements during the reign of Nicholas I
2. Herzen
3. Chernyshevsky
4. Populism and the first reception of Marxism

XIV. PLEKHANOV AND THE CODIFICATION OF MARXISM
1. The origins of Marxist orthodoxy in Russia
2. Dialectical and historical materialism
3. Marxist aesthetics
4. The struggle against revisionism
5. The conflict with Leninism

XV. MARXISM IN RUSSIA BEFORE THE RISE OF BOLSHEVISM
1. Lenin: early journalistic writings
2. Struve and 'legal Marxism'
3. Lenin's polemics in 1895-1901

XVI. THE RISE OF LENINISM
1. The controversy over Leninism
2. The party and the workers' movement. Consciousness and spontaneity
3. The question of nationality
4. The proletariat and the bourgeoisie in the democratic revolution. Trotsky and the 'permanent revolution'

XVII. PHILOSOPHY AND POLITICS IN THE BOLSHEVIK MOVEMENT
1. Factional struggles at the time of the 1905 Revolution
2. New intellectual trends in Russia
3. Empririocriticism
4. Bogdanov and the Russian empiriocritics
5. The philosophy of the proletariat
6. The 'God-builders'
7. Lenin's excursion into philosophy
8. Lenin and religion
9. Lenin's dialectical Notebooks

XVIII. THE FORTUNES OF LENINISM: FROM A THEORY OF THE STATE TO A STATE IDEOLOGY
1. The Bolsheviks and the War
2. The Revolutions of 1917
3. The beginnings of socialist economy
4. The dictatorship of the proletariat and the dictatorship of party
5. The theory of imperialism and of revolution
6. Socialism and the dictatorship of the proletariat
7. Trotsky on dictatorship
8. Lenin as an ideologist of totalitarianism
9. Martov on the Bolshevik ideology
10. Lenin as a polemicist. Lenin's genius

SELECTIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

Subject Headings

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