Concrete, or beaches? World's sand running out as global construction booms

Maynen, Nick

Publisher:  Ecologist
Date Written:  09/05/2017
Year Published:  2017  
Resource Type:  Article
Cx Number:  CX20706

A crucial component of concrete, sand is vital to the global construction industry. China alone is importing a billion tonnes of sand a year, and its increasing scarcity is leading to large scale illegal mining and deadly conflicts. With ever more sand fetched from riverbeds, shorelines and sandbanks, roads and bridges are being undermined and beaches eroded. And the world's sand wars are only set to worsen.

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