Ancient Cultures & Civilizations

Below are groups and resources (books, articles, websites, etc.) related to this topic. Click on an item’s title to go its resource page with author, publisher, description/abstract and other details, a link to the full text if available, as well as links to related topics in the Subject Index. You can also browse the Title, Author, Subject, Chronological, Dewey, LoC, and Format indexes, or use the Search box.
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Connexions Library

Before Color Prejudice: The Ancient Views of Blacks
Snowden, Frank
Book
1991
In this richly-illustrated account of black-white contacts from the Pharaohs to the Caesars, Frank M. Snowden demonstrates that the ancients did not discriminate against blacks because of their colour...
The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume I: Economic Writings 1
Luxemburg, Rosa (Edited by Peter Hudis
Book
This first volume in Rosa Luxemburg's Complete Works, entitled Economic Writings 1, contains some of Luxemburg's most important statements on the globalization of capital, wage labour, imperialism, an...
A History of the Jews - Ancient and Modern
Halevi, Ilan
Book
1987
Starting from a political interpretation of the period when judges, kings and prophets held sway over Israel and Judah, Ilan Halevi traces the evolution of the Jewish identity through its numerous sta...
Karl Marx and the Iroquois: An essay on Marx's Ethnological Notebooks
Rosemont, Franklin
Article
Franklin Rosemont delves into Marx's Ethnological Notebooks and examines their significance and relevance towards today's communist movement.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume I: State and Bureaucracy
Draper, Hal
Book
1977
A wide-ranging and thorough exposition of Marx's views on democracy.
Marx and Engels Collected Works Volume 26: Engels 1882 - 1889
Engels, Friedrich
Book
1889
Includes Manuscripts on Early German History and The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, and Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy, and The Role of Force in His...
A Marxist History of the World part 10: Men of Iron
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
The constant rise and fall of Bronze age societies was a product of their wasteful, crisis ridden nature. But in the barbarian periphery around 1300 BCE an industrial revolution had begun that was to ...
A Marxist History of the World Part 11: Western Asia: the Persian Empire
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
Neil Faulkner looks at the centuries following 1000 BCE when the scale of civilisation and empire exploded as the productivity of iron tools boosted the surpluses available to Iron Age empire-builders...
A Marxist History of the World part 12: India: the Mauryan Empire
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
Neil Faulkner looks at the growth of the Mauryan Empire which at its zenith encompassed almost the whole of what is today India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
A Marxist History of the World part 13: China: the Ch'in Empire
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
Neil Faulkner looks at the origins of the Ch'in Empire - short-lived, created by conquest and terror and characterised by extreme centralisation, military-style exploitation, and murderous repression.
A Marxist History of the World part 14: The Greek Democratic Revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
Neil Faulkner looks at the radical participatory democracy which began in Athens between 510 and 506 BCE and spread to virtually every city-state in the Aegean.
A Marxist History of the World part 15: The Macedonian Empire
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
Neil Faulkner looks at the defeat of the democratic empire centred around Athens in a protracted counter-revolution led by Greek aristocrats, Macedonian kings, and Roman viceroys.
A Marxist History of the World part 16: Roman Military Imperialism
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
Rome represented a unique fusion of Greek-style citizenship with Macedonian-style militarism. The result was the most dynamic imperialist state in the ancient world.
A Marxist History of the World part 17: The Roman Revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
Neil Faulkner looks at the Roman Revolution - a complex, distorted, century-long process of class struggle.
A Marxist History of the World part 18: The Crisis of Late Antiquity
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
Neil Faulkner explains how the Roman Empire entered its terminal crisis as its military imperialism came up against geographical, economic, and sociological barriers to expansion.
A Marxist History of the World part 19: Mother-goddesses and power-deities
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
Neil Faulkner looks at how the growth of private property altered the position of women - from occupying a central role in society to suffering what Engels called ‘the world historic defeat of the fem...
A Marxist History of the World part 26: Africa: cattle-herders, iron-masters, and trading states
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
Neil Faulkner looks at the early civilisations in Africa and how geography ensured the continent would develop differently from Eurasia.
A Marxist History of the World part 27: New World Empires: Maya, Aztec, and Inca
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
The early civilisations of the Americas were limited by its geography - in only two areas did urban revolution occur and civilisations develop: in parts of Mesoamerica, and in the Central Andes.
A Marxist History of the World part 28: The cycles and arrows of time: me
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
In Part 9 of A Marxist History of the World, we paused to discuss ‘how history works’. It would be useful to pause again to review some general lessons of the history of the ancient and medieval civil...
A Marxist History of the World Part 4: The origins of War and Religion
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
This week Neil Faulkner looks at the origins of War and Religion in the Early Neolithic world.
A Marxist History of the World part 6: The First Ruling Class
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
This week Neil Faulkner looks at the rise of the first ruling classes as the surplus created through the increasing productivity of human labour allowed a section of society to live without producing.
A Marxist History of the World part 7: The Spread of Civilisation
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
This week Neil Faulkner looks at the spread and development of ancient city civilisations around the world, each governed by a new ruling class of priests, city-governors and war-leaders.
A Marxist History of the World part 8: Crisis in the Bronze Age
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
Why did Bronze Age empires rise and fall amid crisis and war? And why did this contradictory social form simply replicate itself over long periods of time? Neil Faulkner looks at the evidence.
A Marxist History of the World part 9: How History Happens
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
The complex societies that emerged from the division of society into classes also created societies that were wasteful, violent, stagnant and crisis prone. Understanding why is the key to how history ...
Multiculturalism or World Culture?: On a "Left"-Wing Response to Contemporary Social Breakdown
Goldner, Loren
Article
1991
Post-modernists are profoundly bored by any questions of economics and technology which cannot be connected to cultural differences. The implicit agenda of the multiculturalists is to present the valu...
A People's History of the World: From the Stone Age to the New Millennium
Harman, Chris
Book
1999
Harman describes the shape and course of human history as a narrative of ordinary people forming and re-forming complex societies in pursuit of common human goals.
Woman in Ancient Africa
Loth, Heinrich
Book
1989
Using travellers' reports written between the 12th and 16th centuries, Loth challenges the traditional view of women in ancient Africa as subservient. The text, illustrated with 112 black-and-white an...

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

Asian Civilisations Museum
The Asian Civilisations Museum (ACM) is the first museum in the region to present a broad yet integrated perspective of pan-Asian cultures and civilisations. As one of the National Museums of Singapore under the National Heritage ...
The British Museum
The British Museum is a museum of human history and culture situated in London. Its collections, which number more than 7 million objects, are amongst the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate from all continen...
J. Paul Getty Museum
The J. Paul Getty Museum seeks to further knowledge of the visual arts and to nurture critical seeing by collecting, preserving, exhibiting and interpreting works of art of the highest quality. To fulfill its mission, the Museum c...
The Hermitage
The State Hermitage occupies six magnificent buildings situated along the embankment of the River Neva, right in the heart of St. Petersburg. The leading role in this unique architectural ensemble is played by the Winter Palace, t...
Kunsthistorisches Museum
The Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna numbers among the most important European museum buildings put up during the 19th century. The monumental structure, built at the behest of Emperor Franz Joseph I as part of his expansion of...
World Digital Library
The World Digital Library (WDL) makes available on the Internet, free of charge and in multilingual format, significant primary materials from countries and cultures around the world. The principal objectives of the WDL are to: ...

Sources Library

The Bible Unearthed
Article in Wikipedia on the book The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts
A 2001 book about the archaeology of Palestine and its relationship to the origins of the Hebrew Bible.
The City in History
Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects
Mumford, Lewis
1961
Beginning with an interpretation of the origin and nature of the city, Mumford follows the city's development from Egypt and Mesopotamia through Greece, Rome, and the Middle Ages to the modern world.
The politics of display
The redesign of the Ashmolean in Oxford provides a chance to reflect on how we understand the meaning of collections
Hall, James
2009
The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford is the oldest museum in Britain, founded in 1693. The institution has grown, thanks to a new postmodern building by architect Rick Mather. The open concept design of the...