Connexions Resource Centre:
Focus on First Nations/Native Peoples
Recent & Selected Articles
- This is a small sampling of articles related to Indigenous/First Nations issues in the Connexions Online Library. For more articles, books, films, and other resources, check the Connexions Library Subject Index, especially under topics such as
and indigenous peoples.
- New map records sites of Australia's colonial massacres (July 6, 2017)
Map is the first to detail evidence of more than 150 massacres involving almost every aboriginal clan between 1788 and 1872.
- 41 Years Since Jumping Bull (But 500 Years of Trauma) (June 27, 2016)
Leonard Peltier writes about his own case and about the 500 years of violence and injustice directed at indigenous peoples.
- 'It's No Longer About Saying No': How B.C.'s First Nations Are Taking Charge With Tribal Parks (March 29, 2016)
On June 26, 2014, the Tsilhqotin Nation's 25-year court battle came to an end when the Supreme Court unanimously ruled the nation holds title to approximately 1,900 square kilometres of its traditional territory.
- They Came for the Children: Truth Commission Sheds Light on Canada's Genocide Against Indigenous Peoples (March 23, 2016)
Imagine a village with all its children gone. For aboriginal peoples all across Canada, this was their lived reality, not the stuff of imagination. The story of what happened to the children -- who were forcibly removed from their families and sent to military-style camps that were euphemistically called "schools" -- has at last been told, compiled in the monumental six-volume Truth and Reconciliation Report on residential schools for aboriginal children released in 2015.
- A Century of Theft From Indians by the National Park Service (March 9, 2016)
The Mojave National Preserve is run by the National Park Service, which, in contrast to previous times, has been including more Indian history in its displays and programs.
- Indigenous Communities in Guatemala Fight Against the Privatization of Sacred Sites (March 4, 2016)
In recent years, the popular tourist attraction of Semuc Champey in the Guatemalan department of Alta Verapaz has become a point of social conflict for the indigenous Q'eqchi' Mayan communities surrounding the site. On February 8, tensions erupted and led to the occupation of the municipality building of Lanquín by over 200 members of the communities near the tourist attraction. Community members demanded the recuperation of the site. Since that day, residents have maintained management of the park.
- First Steps of Participatory Research Project: Indigenous Languages and Digital Media (February 2, 2016)
The rapid development of digital media, which began during the last decade of the 20th century, has had unanticipated effects at the beginning of the 21st century. Peoples, whose cultures and languages were marginalized and displaced by the Nation-State, have appropriated -- slowly, but surely -- these media to reassert their cultural and linguistic presence in cyberspace.
- India's Indigenous Peoples organise to protect forests, waters and commons (November 7, 2015)
India's neoliberal government is attempting the mass seizure of indigenous lands, commons and forests in order to hand them over for corporate exploitation with mines, dams and plantations. But tribal communities are rising up to resist the takeover, which is not only morally reprehensible but violates India's own laws and international human rights obligations.
- Do Indian Lives Matter? Police Violence Against Native Americans (October 29, 2015)
With all our talk about police violence aimed at poor and minority communities, we have yet to talk about the group most likely to be killed by law enforcement: Native Americans.
Native American men are incarcerated at four times the rate of white men and Native American women are sent to prison at six times the rate of white women.
- The Amazon tribe protecting the forest with bows, arrows, GPS and camera traps (September 10, 2015)
With authorities ineffective, the 2,200-strong Ka'apor, in the Brazilian state of Maranhão, are taking on the illegal loggers with technology and direct action. Now the Ka'apor are seeking support through NGOs and the media.
- Still Surviving: Reconciliation Through Everyday Rebellion (June 2, 2015)
Residential school survivors rebuild through small acts of hope and resistance.
- Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future (May 31, 2015)
The summary of the final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission: the product of a five-year process of hearing from survivors and compiling evidence. The report calls the schools agents of "cultural genocide" responsible for enormous abuses and lasting damage. It calls for education and reconciliation; according to commission head Murray Sinclair, "The survivors need to know that, having been heard and understood, that we will act to ensure the repair of damages is done."
- Occupy Amazonia? Indigenous activists are taking direct action - and it's working (March 17, 2015)
The native peoples of the Amazon are employing the tactics of the Occupy movement against oil companies, gold miners and illegal loggers. Lacking the protection of the state, they fight their own battles. Recent campaign successes owe much to outside support.
- A Network of Indigenous Language Digital Activists in Mexico (November 9, 2014)
The Internet has emerged as a space where many in Mexico can communicate online using indigenous languages, as well as to create new digital content instead of being just consumers of content.
- Secwepemc Tribes Fight New Mines and Old Laws in British Columbia (October 22, 2014)
Indigenous activists burned down a bridge in British Columbia, Canada, to prevent Imperial Metals from starting a lead and zinc mine on the lands of the Secwepemc peoples. Local tribes say that the mine may severely impact the one of the largest remaining sockeye salmon populations in the world.
- De-colonizing North America (September 1, 2014)
A book review of King's "The Inconvenient Indian: A Curious Account of Native People in North America," and Dunbar-Ortiz's "An Indigenous People's History of the United States."
- Borneo's Killer Dams (July 3, 2014)
Sarawak, Malaysia, is home to thousands of endemic species, forty indigenous groups, and one of the largest transboundary rainforests remaining in the world. The state is also suffering from one of the world's highest rates of deforestation; only 5% of its primary forests remain. Now, Sarawak's forests and their inhabitants face another threat: the damming of its rivers for hydroelectric power.
- The Bone Collectors (June 14, 2014)
The remains of hundreds of Aboriginal people, dug up from sacred ground and once displayed in museums all over the world, are now stored in a Canberra warehouse. When will they be given a national resting place?
- The Blossoming of Idle No More (March 14, 2014)
The First Nations-led movement Idle No More emerged in Canada in December 2012 to protest legislation that threatened both the rights of First Nations and environmental protections. The movement has since spread into the U.S. and beyond and has become one of the central voices in the struggle for Indigenous and ecological justice.
- Gas company: Amazon tribes vulnerable to 'massive deaths' (January 20, 2014)
Amazon tribes in Peru's rainforest are at risk of 'massive deaths' from new diseases to which they lack immunity, gas company Pluspetrol admits - as it tries to expand its Camisea gas project into a Reserve for isolated indigenous people.
- Day of Mourning Statement From Leonard Peltier (November 29, 2013)
It is yet another year. It seems like a thousand years ago but only a year in time in reality from the last time I dictated one of these statement for the day of mourning so, again, I want to say as last time, that I am honoured that you would want to hear my words.
- The Power of Idle No More (January 15, 2013)
The remarkable Idle No More movement is the biggest and most important national outpouring of grass roots aboriginal anger ever seen in Canada.
- Connexions Archive Case Statement (September 24, 2011)
Working together to secure a future for the past
- First Nations Under Surveillance (June 9, 2011)
There needs to be unity on the ground with coordinated political actions between First Nations Peoples in order to protect, defend and advance First Nation pre-existing sovereignty, and First Nation Aboriginal and Treaty rights to lands and resources. Divide and conquer tactics can only be met with new strategies of alliance-building, and by bringing the leadership back down to the land.
- From Ecological Disaster to Constitutional Crisis (May 18, 2010)
The master plan for damming the Amazon river system, which includes Belo Monte and the Xingú dams, was originally created in the 1970s by the military dictatorship then in power. It essentially treats the Amazon as a reservoir of natural resources to be extracted without regard for the destruction of its riverine and forest environment or the displacement and pauperization of its indigenous and local Brazilian inhabitants.
- Connexions Archive seeks a new home (November 18, 2009)
The Connexions Archive, a Toronto-based library dedicated to preserving the history of grassroots movements for social change, needs a new home.
- Bloody Oil (November 1, 2009)
The extraction of oil from tar sands is perhaps the most ecologically insane idea on the planet. Four First Nations representatives from Canada travelled to Britain to participate in the London climate camp and the country's biggest annual gathering of climate activists. Organized by the Indigenous Environmental Network and supported by the New Internationalist, the group's aim was to internationalize the campaign for a complete tar sands moratorium.
- Feeling Racism (October 26, 2009)
I have found that when a person has faced racism and discrimination, he can never forget it, it stays with him always. Seeing my mother treated with such disrespect and rudeness, only because of her race, was worse than being discriminated against myself. It burned into my soul, and it will never go away.
- Uranium Corporation of India Limited: Wasting Away Tribal Lands (October 7, 2009)
Radiation and health experts across the world charge that toxic materials and radioactivity released by the mining and processing operations are causing widespread infertility, birth defects and cancers.
- Lazy Journalists are the Darlings of the Corporations (October 2, 2009)
Lazy journalists are great friends of the corporations. They are known as "armchair journalists" because they sit in comfort and rewrite press releases from politicians and corporations. To spice it up a bit, they dial a few numbers, get a few comments and call it a news story. They are the "darlings of the energy companies," as Buffy Sainte Marie says.
- Last Frontier (October 1, 2009)
Afro-descendant communities in Colombia are fighting to retain control of their ancestral goldmines in the face of pressure from private interests.
- I Am Barack Obama's Political Prisoner Now (September 11, 2009)
Given the complexion of the three recent federal parolees, it might seem that my greatest crime was being Indian. But the truth is that my gravest offense is my innocence.
- Inuit Are Living on the Front Lines of Climate Change (September 8, 2009)
Climate change is being felt in northwest Canada, and in a wide circle at the top of the world, stretching from Alaska through the Siberian tundra, into northern Scandinavia and Greenland, and on to Canada's eastern Arctic islands, a circle of more than 300,000 indigenous people.
- Freedom Now for Leonard Peltier! (July 31, 2009)
A letter by the Partisan Defense Committee sent to the United States Parole Commission.
- Why is Leonard Peltier Still in Prison? (July 16, 2009)
Leonard Pletier is a political prisoner who has spent more than 33 years in U.S. prisons for a crime he didn't commit.
- Movement Pachamama: Indigenous Movements in Latin America (June 1, 2009)
It is no accident that most of the remaining natural resources are on indigenous land. First the white world destroys their own environment, then they come asking for the last pieces of land they have put us on, the earth we have protected.
- An Unlikely Alliance: Indigenous and Campesinos Build an Alliance for Self-Defense (June 1, 2009)
In Colombia, campesinos are mostly non-indigenous family farmers who have often been pitted against indigenous people by wealthy landowners and corporations. Yet despite being traditional rivals, the Barí and campesino communities have been driven to a partnership by common enemies, including multinational mining companies, complicit Colombian regulatory agencies, and the US government.
- Grassroots Power and Non-Market Economies (May 1, 2009)
People are organized across many sectors that have never chosen to step out into the popular movement before. For example, indigenous peoples in the last 10 years or so have made a determination that they could no longer organize just as indigenous but had to become part of the so-called anti-globalization movement.
- Growing Poverty Is Shrinking Mexico's Rain Forest (December 8, 2002)
The struggle for land has started to pit the Zapatista rebel movement against ecologists who want to save the remains of the forest. The Zapatistas declared war on Mexico's government nearly nine years ago over the poverty of peasants in Chiapas. Today the movement criticizes efforts to conserve the bioreserve as a "war of extermination against our indigenous communities."
- Cree Agenda Becomes Part of Federal Election (1999)
The politicians of all parties are acting as if Aboriginal rights are irrelevant to this question of Quebec secession. Not only is it relevant: it is, in fact, central to the whole question. And if the politicians would only admit this frankly, the terms of the whole debate would be changed overnight.
- Report on Australian Stolen Generations (April 1, 1997)
Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families. This report is a tribute to the strength and struggles of many thousands of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people affected by forcible removal. We acknowledge the hardships they endured and the sacrifices they made. We remember and lament all the children who will never come home.
- Quebec Agrees to Negotiate, Kidnap Crees First But "Negotiate" (1997)
Canadians as a whole seem to be unaware of the depth of the double standards advocated by the separatist leaders. We Crees are only too grimly aware of them, however, since we will be the first and most deeply affected community if the separatists ever get a chance to put their current secessionist policies into practice.
- Matthew Coon Come Speech, September 19, 1994 (September 19, 1994)
The status and rights of the James Bay Crees in the context of Quebec secession from Canada.
- Christopher Who? -- Discovering the Americas (1990)
Columbus seen as a conqueror.
- Manifest Destiny? A Native Perspective on 1992 (1990)
1992 will be a year of mourning for North American Indians; a mourning for the fragmentation and loss of our traditional way of life.
- 1992 The Theology of Self-Discovery Offers Hope (1990)
The Self-Discovery campaign does not confine itself to the struggles of Indigenous People but addresses the concerns of all social and racial groups who have experienced social/cultural destruction under the yoke of colonialism.
- Connexions Annual Overview: Native Peoples (October 1, 1989)
Natives have been intensifying their resistance, and more militant forms of protest are becoming increasingly common. Canadians concerned with social justice can also be working in solidarity with the Native peoples in their struggle for justice.
- Akwesasne (September 1, 1989)
The history of the Mohawks of Akwesasne and the events and conditions that led up to the violence of 1989.
- The Fusion of Anabaptist, Indian and African as the American Radical Tradition (1987)
The native American radical tradition, originating ultimately in the radical religious currents who "lost" at the very dawn of capitalism, and their meeting with the non-Western peoples--Indian and African--who shaped early American culture as much as white people, might have something very unique to contribute to the current and still completely unresolved crisis of the international revolutionary left.
- A Basic Call to Consciousness (1977)
A message given by the Hau de no sau nee (or traditional Six Nations council at Onondaga) also called the Iroquois Confederacy to the Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) of the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland in September, 1977.
Selected Websites and Organizations
- This is a small sampling of organizations and websites concerned with First Nations and Native issues in the Connexions Directory. For more organizations and websites, check the Connexions Directory Subject Index, especially under topics such as
and indigenous peoples.
- Censored News
Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights news.
Reznet is a Native American news, information and entertainment Web site that also trains and mentors American Indian college students around the country as they prepare for journalism careers.
- World Rainforest Movement
An international organization involved in efforts to defend the world's rainforests. Works to secure the lands and livliehoods of forest peoples and fights commercial logging, dams, mining, plantations and other interferences that threaten the survival of these people and their habitat.
Other Links & Resources
- Aboriginal Newspapers List
Lists aboriginal publications (past and present) held in print or microform in the collection of Library and Archives Canada.
- Native & Aboriginal Topic Index in Sources Directory of Experts
A subject guide to experts and spokespersons on Native, Aboriginal and First Nations topics in the Sources directory for the media.
- Native Public Media
Promotes healthy, engaged, independent Native communities by strengthening and expanding Native American media capacity and by empowering a strong, proud Native American voice.
- Native Web
Resources for indigenous cultures around the world.
More Websites and Organizations
Assembly of First Nations - The national representative organization of the First Nations in Canada.
InterContinental Cry - A resource and venue for people to learn and talk in depth about various matters concerning Onkwehonweh (Indigenous People), Activists, Social Movements, NGOs and Governments.
Books, Films and Periodicals
- This is a small sampling of books related to Native peoples in the
Connexions Online Library. For more books and other resources, check the Connexions Library
Subject Index, especially under topics such as
and indigenous peoples.
- Aboriginal Ontario
Historical Perspectives on the First Nations
Author: Rogers, Edward S.; Smith, Donald B. (eds.)
Essays on the history of Ontario's native people.
- After the Last River
Author: Lean, Victoria (diirector)
Vicki Lean has crafted a stunning documentary about the community of Attwapiskat and its stories of risistance, following the impact that diamond mining and decades of government underfunding have had on the environment and the community.
- Broken Circle
Author: Fontaine, Theodore
A two-part excerpt from Theodore Fontaine's book Broken Circle, a memoir of surviving the Fort Alexander Indian Residential School in Manitoba -- and pursuing his own path to healing.
- Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee
An Indian History of the American West
Author: Brown, Dee
A well documented account of the systematic destruction of the American Indian.
- Facing West: the Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire Building
Author: Drinnon, Richard
From John Endicott's war on the Niantics and Pequots, to the horrors of the My Lai massacre, Drinnon illustrates how Indian-hating in the Americas became a national pastime, and how that same hate was turned against the native populations of the Phillipines and Southeast Asia.
- Five Centuries of Imperialism and Resistance
Vol. 8: 1492-1992
Author: Bourgeault, Ron et. al.
A collection of poems and essays giving various perspectives on resistance to imperialism and capitalism.
- 500 Years of Indigenous Resistance
Author: Hill, Gord
A comprehensive chronicle of the resistance by Indigenous peoples in North and South America, which limited and shaped the forms and extent of colonialism.
New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus
Author: Mann, Charles. C.
A portrait of human life in the Americas before the arrival of Columbus.
- 1492-1992 -- Five Centuries of Imperialism and Resistance
Author: Bourgeault, Ron; Broad, Dave; Brown, Lorne; Foster, Lori
Articles critiquing the "Columbus myth, and chronicles the repression of North America's original indigenous inhabitants.
- The Gaia Atlas of First Peoples
Author: Burger, Julian
Entries on indigenous peoples from around the globe, focusing on three main areas: their way of life, the present crisis, and the future.
- Halfbreed; A Proud and Bitter Canadian Legacy
A Proud and Bitter Canadian Legacy
Author: Campbell, Maria
- I Have Lived Here Since the World Began
An Illustrated History of Canada's Native People
Author: Ray, Arthur J.
Ray shows that Native culture played an important -- and largely unrecognized -- part in Canada's economic development. Rather than being "civilized" by European explorers, the indigenous people were already accomplished traders, artisans, farmers and hunters.
- A Long and Terrible Shadow
White Values, Native Rights in the Americas 1492-1992
Author: Berger, Thomas R.
Against the odds, Native peoples have waged a tenacious struggle to survive and the re-emerge as distinct cultures.
- A National Crime
The Canadian Government and the Residential School System, 1879-1986
Author: Milloy, John
Milloy chronicles the heart-breaking realities of the Residential School. This institiution separated thousands of Native children from their families in the Canadian Government's pursuit of "aggressive civilization."
- The No-Nonsense Guide to Indigenous Peoples
Author: Hughes, Lotte
- Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - June 5, 2015
Author: Diemer, Ulli (editor); Rickwood, Darien Yawching (production)
This issue of Other Voices focuses on residential schools. As documented by the just-released report of Canada's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, residential schools were set up to forcibly 'assimilate' Native children by taking them away from their parents and communities, and depriving them of their language, culture, history, and emotional supports. Based as they were on a system of arbitrary power and cruelty, it is not surprising that they also fostered physical and sexual abuse of the children forced into the schools. We spotlight the report and the recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, as well as films, books, and survivor stories. Also in this issue: the Orwellian language and tactics being used to sell 'anti-terrorist' legislation, mind-boggling subsidies for the fossil fuel industry, and, on the other side of the ledger, stories of courage and resistance.
- People of Terra Nullius
Betrayal and Rebirth in Aboriginal Canada
Author: Richardson, Boyce
- Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest
Author: Restall, Matthew
Restall explodes myths that were long taken for historical truth and points to a larger and more complex interaction between the indigenous people and the Europeans. He shows how Indian culture adapted and displayed post conquest vitality.
- The Seventh Fire
The Struggle for Aboriginal Government
Author: Smith, Dan
Describes the struggles of aboriginal people to run their own affairs.
- Stolen Continents
The "New World" Through Indian Eyes
Author: Wright, Ronald
A history of the Americas through Native eyes.
- Struggle For The Land
Indigenous Resistance To Genocide Ecocide And Exproporiation In Contemporary North America
Author: Churchill, Ward
Documents the struggle by North America's Indigenous Peoples for values and justice in land claims.
- Viva Yasuni! Life vs Big Oil
New Internationalist July 2008
A look at the Yasuni rainforest in Ecuador and its imminent destruction by oil companies.
Learning from our History
The Fusion of Anabaptist, Indian and African as the American Radical Tradition - The native American radical tradition, originating ultimately in the radical religious currents who “lost” at the very dawn of capitalism, and their meeting with the non-Western peoples – Indian and African – who shaped early American culture as much as white people, might have something very unique to contribute to the current and still completely unresolved crisis of the international revolutionary left.
Resources for Activists
The Connexions Calendar - An event calendar for activists. Submit your events for free here.
Media Names & Numbers - A comprehensive directory of Canada’s print and broadcast media. .
Sources - A membership-based service that enables journalists to find spokespersons and story ideas, and which simultaneously enables organizations to raise their profile by reaching the media and the public with their message.
Organizing Resources Page - Change requires organizing. Power gives way only when it is challenged by a movement for change, and movements grow out of organizing. Organizing is qualitatively different from simple “activism”. Organizing means sustained long-term conscious effort to bring people together to work for common goals. This page features a selection of articles, books, and other resources related to organizing.
Publicity and Media Relations - A short introduction to media relations strategies.
Grassroots Media Relations - A media relations guide for activist groups.
Socialism Gateway - A gateway to resources about socialism, socialist history, and socialist ideas.
Marxism Gateway - A gateway to resources about Marxism.
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